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III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

The IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indices based on relative unit labor costs in manufacturing, which are currently calculated for 21 industrial countries, have for some time...

CHAPTER 3 Primary Commodities: Historical Perspectives and Prospects

CHAPTER 3 Primary Commodities: Historical Perspectives and Prospects »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

This chapter is intended to provide a historical framework for the analysis of national commodity export dependence. It is organized into four sections, each treating one of four th...

7 VAT Treatment of Immovable Property

7 VAT Treatment of Immovable Property »

Source: Tax Law Design and Drafting, Volume 1

Series: Books

Author(s): Victor Thuronyi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755872

Keywords: inflation, vat, social security, taxation, tax administration

I. Introduction The appropriate treatment of housing and housing services, as part of the wider area of immovable property, is probably one of the more complicated and, it seems, int...

CHAPTER 6 The Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds: Lessons from Norway

CHAPTER 6 The Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds: Lessons from Norway »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION While most studies of sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) focus on their wealth management functions, particularly their investment strategies, it is essential to start with t...

10 Taxation of Wealth

10 Taxation of Wealth »

Source: Tax Law Design and Drafting, Volume 1

Series: Books

Author(s): Victor Thuronyi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755872

Keywords: inflation, vat, social security, taxation, tax administration

I. Introduction Two major types of taxes are levied on wealth: those applied sporadically or periodically on a person’s wealth (net wealth taxes), and those applied on a transfer of...

7 External Sector Liberalization and the Appropriate Economic Policy Mix

7 External Sector Liberalization and the Appropriate Economic Policy Mix »

Source: Coordinating Stabilization and Structural Reform : Proceedings of the Seminar Coordination of Structural Reform and Macroeconomic Stabilization, Washington, D.C., June 17-26, 1993

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754301

Keywords: interest, exchange rate, inflation, prices, restructuring

Anne O. Krueger The Need for an Outward Orientation The first point to be made in talking about structural adjustment, stabilization, and growth in al...

IV Deindustrialization: Causes and Implications

IV Deindustrialization: Causes and Implications »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

Three broad developments have been of concern to the advanced economies in recent years: the shrinking share of manufacturing employment, the stagnation of average real wages and th...

CHAPTER 2 Natural Resource Endowment: A Mixed Blessing?

CHAPTER 2 Natural Resource Endowment: A Mixed Blessing? »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION Economic geography is no longer what it used to be. For a long time, economic geographers studied raw materials and their distribution around the world and assigned cruc...

2 Legal Framework for Taxation

2 Legal Framework for Taxation »

Source: Tax Law Design and Drafting, Volume 1

Series: Books

Author(s): Victor Thuronyi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755872

Keywords: inflation, vat, social security, taxation, tax administration

Modern fiscal systems emerged in Western Europe and North America during the half century that followed the American and French Revolutions. Although modern income and turnover taxes did not yet exist, by th...

11 Social Security Taxation

11 Social Security Taxation »

Source: Tax Law Design and Drafting, Volume 1

Series: Books

Author(s): Victor Thuronyi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755872

Keywords: inflation, vat, social security, taxation, tax administration

Will you still need me, will you still feed me, when I’m 64? —John Lennon and Paul McCartney I. Introduction Social security taxes are a m...