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Republic of Estonia

Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Staff Report for the 2009 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2010/4

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2010

ISBN: 9781451812589

Keywords: debt, interest, external debt, budget, deficit

This 2009 Article IV Consultation highlights that the credit-fueled boom has resulted in a relatively large nonfinancial private sector debt stock in Estonia. With declining incomes, unemployment increasing sharply...

Iceland

Iceland »

Source: Iceland : Improving the Equity and Revenue Productivity of the Icelandic Tax System

Volume/Issue: 2010/213

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455207947

Keywords: interest, taxes, debt, tax system, tax systems

The Icelandic government has launched a review of the tax system, with a view to improving its income redistribution, growth orientation, and efficiency features, as well as increasing its revenue mobilization pote...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451837216

Keywords: gas, minimum wage, interest rates, benefits, pollution

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1992-96. There was a general strengthening of centralized controls during 1993-95 to protect international reserves. Monetary and exchange rate polici...

Kyrgyz Republic: Fifth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility

Kyrgyz Republic: Fifth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility »

Source: Kyrgyz Republic : Fifth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility

Volume/Issue: 2004/198

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451821406

Keywords: debt, deficit, external debt, interest, budget

The staff report for the Fifth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility on the Kyrgyz Republic focuses on economic developments and policies. The nominal exchange rate...

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina »

Source: Bosnia and Herzegovina : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper-Mid-Term Development Strategy

Volume/Issue: 2004/114

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451804874

Keywords: debt, revenues, budget, interest, public administration

Poverty risk is most marked for children, displaced persons and returnees, unemployed, and people with low education. Basic goals of the macroeconomic framework of the mid-term development strategy of Bosnia and He...

Qatar

Qatar »

Source: Qatar : 2010 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement and Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Qatar

Volume/Issue: 2011/64

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455219957

Keywords: debt, central bank, external debt, debt management, interest, Staff Report,

Qatar has weathered the global economic crisis well. Enhancement of liquefied natural gas capacity (LNG), government support to the banking system, and increase in public spending sustain the high growth rates. The...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451837230

Keywords: gas, foreign exchange, banking, banking system, interest rates

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1994-98. Turkmenistan reduced gas exports and suffered a decline in real GDP of close to 40 percent during 1993-95. At the same time, it stepped up fo...

Stabilization Policies and Structural Reforms in Albania Since 1997

Stabilization Policies and Structural Reforms in Albania Since 1997 »

Source: Stabilization Policies and Structural Reforms in Albania Since 1997 : Achievements And Remaining Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2002/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Volker Treichel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451974508

Keywords: Economic stabilization, Albania, Albania, macroeconomic stabilization, structural reform, deficit, interest, budget, balance of payments, interest rates

This paper assesses the effectiveness of stabilization policies and structural reforms in Albania since 1997 and seeks to identify the remaining key challenges in various policy areas. It also draws lessons for oth...

Monetary Transmission in Low Income Countries

Monetary Transmission in Low Income Countries »

Source: Monetary Transmission in Low Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/223

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Montiel , Antonio Spilimbergo , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

ISBN: 9781455208883

Keywords: exchange rate, interest rate, institutions, bank lending, monetary transmission, central bank, government securities, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper reviews monetary transmission mechanisms in low-income countries (LICs) to identify aspects of the channels that may operate differently in LICs relative to advanced and emerging economies. Given the wea...

V Stabilization, Reform, and the Role of External Financing in the Countries in Transition

V Stabilization, Reform, and the Role of External Financing in the Countries in Transition »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557753816

Keywords: interest, debt, unemployment, payments, inflation

Output has stabilized or begun to increase in those countries in transition that have made the most progress in macroeconomic stabilization. In many other countries, however, inflation and budget deficits re...