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9 Central Bank Independence in New Zealand

9 Central Bank Independence in New Zealand »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

Since the commencement of New Zealand’s new central banking legislation, on February 1, 1990, the Government that created it has been voted out of office, but not because of the leg...

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

The IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indices based on relative unit labor costs in manufacturing, which are currently calculated for 21 industrial countries, have for some time...

21 Adapting Central Banking to a Changing Environment

21 Adapting Central Banking to a Changing Environment »

Source: Frameworks for Monetary Stability : Policy Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1994

ISBN: 9781557754196

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, interest, inflation, payments

The debate about central banking, which is as old as central banks themselves, has been given fresh impetus by a number of recent developments. In Europe, an unprecedented project to set up a supranational c...

II IMF Estimates of Potential Output: Theory and Practice

II IMF Estimates of Potential Output: Theory and Practice »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

The concepts of potential output and the output gap are central to the IMF’s analytical work in providing policy recommendations to member country governments. Representing the econ...

IV Deindustrialization: Causes and Implications

IV Deindustrialization: Causes and Implications »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

Three broad developments have been of concern to the advanced economies in recent years: the shrinking share of manufacturing employment, the stagnation of average real wages and th...

5 Inflation and Monetary Policy Reform

5 Inflation and Monetary Policy Reform »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

A key feature of Australia’s economic performance in the 1970s and for most of the 1980s was relatively high inflation. In the 1970s, inflation rose more sharply than in other OECD countries and, in the 1980...

25 Central Bank Independence and Central Bank Functions

25 Central Bank Independence and Central Bank Functions »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

During the 1970s and 1980s, important changes were made in the way a number of countries operated and presented monetary policy. A major reason for such changes appe...

I. Moving to Sustainable Growth: Risks and Challenges

I. Moving to Sustainable Growth: Risks and Challenges »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2010, Asia and Pacific : Consolidating the Recovery and Building Sustainable Growth

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 October 2010

ISBN: 9781589069503

Keywords: inflation, capital inflows, domestic demand, monetary policy, expenditure

A. Recent Developments and Emerging Pressures Over the first two quarters of 2010, economic activity in Asia continued its rebound from the global financial crisis. The speed of the...

7 Product Market Reform

7 Product Market Reform »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

One of the most important reasons for Australia’s relatively poor productivity performance in the 1970s and 1980s discussed in Chapter 2 was the historical lack of openness of the economy, owing to high impo...

6 The Labor Market

6 The Labor Market »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

Policymakers are focused on the labor market because of unemployment, which has shown a strong upward trend since the mid-1970s, rising from a rate of about 2 percent to about 8 percent by the end of 1997. T...