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Appendix 2: Productivity Growth in Iran and Its Trading Partner Countries, 1993–2002

Appendix 2: Productivity Growth in Iran and Its Trading Partner Countries, 1993–2002 »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Managing the Transition to a Market Economy

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589064416

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, central bank, inflation, reer

Productivity Growth in Iran and its Trading Partner Countries, 1993–2002 (Average annual percentage change, unless otherwise indicated)...

16 Financial Sector Reform and Central Banking in Centrally Planned Economies

16 Financial Sector Reform and Central Banking in Centrally Planned Economies »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

In centrally planned economies, economic reforms refer to measures aimed at decentralizing decision making on prices and quantities, and giving market forces a more...

Chapter 6 Inflation and Growth in the Transition Economies

Chapter 6 Inflation and Growth in the Transition Economies »

Source: Inflation and Growth in China

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755421

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange, central bank

Two centuries after the French Revolution, the years 1989–92 saw another revolution, fractured into seven parts: (1) the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe and...

11 Central Bank Independence in Austria

11 Central Bank Independence in Austria »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

I would like to discuss the evolution of central bank independence in Austria and how it functions today. I shall first give a short history as background and then describe the pres...

Main Developments in the World Economy

Main Developments in the World Economy »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

World economic growth moderated slightly in 1995, to 3½ percent—marginally below its long-term trend rate, but above growth rates during the 1990–93 global slowdown (Chart 1). The minor change in global aver...

Chapter 13 Inflation and Growth in China’s Transition: A Comparison with Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union

Chapter 13 Inflation and Growth in China’s Transition: A Comparison with Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Inflation and Growth in China

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755421

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange, central bank

For the transition from a centrally planned economy to a decentralized market economy, two different approaches have been followed in recent years. The first approac...

Chapter 4 Growth and Inflation in Asia’s Transition Economies

Chapter 4 Growth and Inflation in Asia’s Transition Economies »

Source: Inflation and Growth in China

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755421

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange, central bank

One of the first countries “in transition” to a market economy was China, even though it would not like this epithet. The success of the emerging economies in Asia,...

Fund Financial Operations and Policies

Fund Financial Operations and Policies »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

New commitments of Fund resources under stand-by, extended, and SAF/ESAF arrangements rose to a record level of SDR 19.7 billion in 1995/96, mainly reflecting augmentation of access under Mexico’s stand-by a...

Chapter 14 Decentralized Socialism and Macroeconomic Stability: Lessons from China in the 1980s

Chapter 14 Decentralized Socialism and Macroeconomic Stability: Lessons from China in the 1980s »

Source: Inflation and Growth in China

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755421

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange, central bank

The economic reforms that China has implemented since 1978 have three dimensions: decentralization of the state sector, diversification of ownership patterns,...

25 Central Bank Independence and Central Bank Functions

25 Central Bank Independence and Central Bank Functions »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

During the 1970s and 1980s, important changes were made in the way a number of countries operated and presented monetary policy. A major reason for such changes appe...