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V Social Security in Sweden

V Social Security in Sweden »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

After decades of expansion, reform of the social security system in Sweden has become the focus of attention as a result of the country’s overall budget crisis since the early 1990s. Although the need for pe...

II Economic Impact of U.S. Budget Policies

II Economic Impact of U.S. Budget Policies »

Source: U.S. Fiscal Policies and Priorities for Long-Run Sustainability

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Martin Mühleisen , and Christopher Towe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 2004

ISBN: 9781589062955

Keywords: Economic growth, medicare, tax cuts, health care, public debt, fiscal policy

The U.S. fiscal position has deteriorated significantly in recent years. In 2000, the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) projected surpluses in the range of 3 percent of GDP for the next 10 years and for the...

VII Corporate Governance

VII Corporate Governance »

Source: Philippines : Toward Sustainable and Rapid Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Markus Rodlauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781557758613

Keywords: banking, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, monetary fund

Good “corporate governance”—the system by which corporations are directed and controlled—is critical in building market confidence and encouraging stable, long-term investment flows, particularly foreign cap...

II External Environment: Politics, Oil, and Debt

II External Environment: Politics, Oil, and Debt »

Source: Yemen in the 1990s : From Unification to Economic Reform

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Nada Choueiri , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Yuri Sobolev , Jan Walliser , and Sherwyn Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2002

ISBN: 9781589060425

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, crude oil, oil prices, petroleum products

Economic developments in Yemen in the 1990s were driven largely by dramatic changes in the political sphere—in particular, by unification and civil war—and by external events, chief among which...

VIII The Dynamics of Inflation, 1988–91

VIII The Dynamics of Inflation, 1988–91 »

Source: Mexico : The Strategy to Achieve Sustained Economic Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Claudio Loser , and Eliot Kalter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1992

ISBN: 9781557753120

Keywords: inflation, bonds, bond, real interest rates, inflation rate

This section examines the relationship between the rate of inflation and other macroeconomic variables in Mexico over the period 1988–91, using a vector autoregressions model. During this period, th...

Appendix II Statistical Appendix

Appendix II Statistical Appendix »

Source: Thailand : Adjusting to Success: Current Policy Issues

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): David Robinson , Ranjit Teja , Yangho Byeon , and Wanda Tseng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557752215

Keywords: bank of thailand, foreign direct investment, direct investment, expenditure, financial institutions

Table 20. Domestic Expenditure and Product (In billions of baht)...

VII Mexico’s Return to Voluntary International Capital Market Financing

VII Mexico’s Return to Voluntary International Capital Market Financing »

Source: Mexico : The Strategy to Achieve Sustained Economic Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Claudio Loser , and Eliot Kalter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1992

ISBN: 9781557753120

Keywords: inflation, bonds, bond, real interest rates, inflation rate

Since mid-1989, Mexico has gradually regained access to voluntary international capital market financing after having been virtually excluded for much of the decade. The renewed acceptability of Mexican secu...

VII Will the State and Local Budget Crisis Hinder Economic Growth?

VII Will the State and Local Budget Crisis Hinder Economic Growth? »

Source: U.S. Fiscal Policies and Priorities for Long-Run Sustainability

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Martin Mühleisen , and Christopher Towe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 2004

ISBN: 9781589062955

Keywords: Economic growth, medicare, tax cuts, health care, public debt, fiscal policy

Following a decade of strong revenue growth and significant surpluses, state and local governments (SLGs) are now facing significant budget shortfalls for a third consecutive year. At a time when the federal...

II Output Performance in Transition

II Output Performance in Transition »

Source: Vietnam : Transition to a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Erich Spitäller , M. Braulke , Christian Mulder , Hisanobu Shishido , Kenneth M. Miranda , John Dodsworth , and Keon Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1996

ISBN: 9781557755384

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange, state enterprises, exchange rates

One of the most striking features of Vietnam’s transition to a market economy has been the resilience of output. The level of general economic activity never declined; there was only a temporary deceleration...

II Setting of Economic Reform

II Setting of Economic Reform »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

The Country at a Glance The Lao P.D.R. is a landlocked, largely mountainous country in the center of the Indochina peninsula. Rugged terrain and elevations separate the country from...