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Privatization in Transition Countries: Lessons of the First Decade

Privatization in Transition Countries: Lessons of the First Decade »

Source: Privatization in Transition Countries : Lessons from the First Decade

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Oleh Havrylyshyn , and Donal McGettigan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 2000

Language: Czech

ISBN: 9781557758965

Keywords: environment, privatization, market, environments, property rights

Adecade ago, with the breakup of the Soviet Union and the start of market-oriented reforms in many former socialist economies of Central and Eastern Europe, the prospect of privatizing inefficient state-owne...

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

Expenditure Reform: Key Principles Expenditure reforms should be guided by two objectives: Improving the efficien...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: Africa on the Move : Unlocking the Potential of Small Middle-Income States

Series: Books

Author(s): Lamin Leigh , and Ali Mansoor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513588605

Keywords: Economic growth, Infrastructure, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Economic development, Poverty eradication, environment, employment, bank, unemployment, labor

Background Sub-Saharan Africa has experienced strong growth since 1992, prompting many observers to argue that the region has reached a turning point in its development history and i...

III Trade Liberalization by ESA Countries During the 1990s

III Trade Liberalization by ESA Countries During the 1990s »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Unilateral Liberalization in Goods In the early 1990s, reflecting the inward-looking development policies adopted in previous decades, the trade and exchange regimes of most countrie...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper seeks to identify policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging countries in the wake of the global financial crisis. Issues related to the size and timing of f...

2 Debt Accumulation in the CIS-7 Countries: Bad Luck, Bad Policies, or Bad Advice?

2 Debt Accumulation in the CIS-7 Countries: Bad Luck, Bad Policies, or Bad Advice? »

Source: The Low-Income Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States : Progress and Challenges in Transition

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Sarosh Sattar , and Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063211

Keywords: debt, external debt, expenditures, current account, transition economies

Introduction With the exception of Azerbaijan, which is a net energy exporter, the other low-income CIS countries—Armenia, Georgia, the Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Tajikistan, and Uzbe...

CHAPTER 14 Long-Term Fiscal Developments and IMF Conditionality: Is There a Link?

CHAPTER 14 Long-Term Fiscal Developments and IMF Conditionality: Is There a Link? »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs : Recent Staff Research

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Alessandro Rebucci , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589063617

Keywords: International Monetary Fund, current account, capital flows, private capital, private capital flows, conditionality

Introduction What determines the composition of fiscal adjustment, and does it differ between countries with IMF-supported programs and those without such arrangements? Moreover, how...

Chapter 8. Diversification and the Economy: The Role of Government in Enhancing the Industrial Base

Chapter 8. Diversification and the Economy: The Role of Government in Enhancing the Industrial Base »

Source: Breaking the Oil Spell : The Gulf Falcons' Path to Diversification

Series: Books

Author(s): Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2016

ISBN: 9781513537863

Keywords: Export diversification, Nonoil sector, Oil exporting countries, Economic development, environment, development, oil, capital, industry, Gulf Falcons,

An individual economy develops and evolves along various paths. How different paths lead to a variation in economic prosperity and stability has always been a matter of curiosity to economists and policymake...

CHAPTER 3 Tax Reform: Principles, Context, and Administration

CHAPTER 3 Tax Reform: Principles, Context, and Administration »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

Increasing the Tax 27 Ratio: Principles and Experience For countries looking to substantially increase tax revenue, standard principles (equity, eff...

CHAPTER 2 IMF Programs and Growth: Is Optimism Defensible?

CHAPTER 2 IMF Programs and Growth: Is Optimism Defensible? »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs : Recent Staff Research

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Alessandro Rebucci , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589063617

Keywords: International Monetary Fund, current account, capital flows, private capital, private capital flows, conditionality

Introduction IMF-supported programs are often described by those on the left as creating hardships on the population because they are said to be “too tight” (Stiglitz, 2002). Those o...