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III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

The IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indices based on relative unit labor costs in manufacturing, which are currently calculated for 21 industrial countries, have for some time...

Main Developments in the World Economy

Main Developments in the World Economy »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

World economic growth moderated slightly in 1995, to 3½ percent—marginally below its long-term trend rate, but above growth rates during the 1990–93 global slowdown (Chart 1). The minor change in global aver...

Appendix I: The Fund in 1978/79

Appendix I: The Fund in 1978/79 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1979

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 1979

ISBN: 9781616351915

Keywords: exchange rate, repurchases, balance of payments, current account, foreign exchange

The tables in this appendix supplement the information given in Chapter 3 on the activities of the Fund during the financial year ended April 30, 1979. In some tables in this append...

V Stabilization, Reform, and the Role of External Financing in the Countries in Transition

V Stabilization, Reform, and the Role of External Financing in the Countries in Transition »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557753816

Keywords: interest, debt, unemployment, payments, inflation

Output has stabilized or begun to increase in those countries in transition that have made the most progress in macroeconomic stabilization. In many other countries, however, inflation and budget deficits re...

5 Prudential Supervision and Monetary Policy

5 Prudential Supervision and Monetary Policy »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

Central banking and the supervision and regulation of financial institutions and markets are key governmental functions in any modern economy. In general, the government reserves fo...

19 Financial Reform, Financial Policy and Bank Regulation

19 Financial Reform, Financial Policy and Bank Regulation »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

Financial reform will be discussed in this paper in relation to bank regulation, or, better still, banking supervision. First, I shall define the subject. The purpos...

Article IV Consultations

Article IV Consultations »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

Under Article IV of the Articles of Agreement, the Fund holds bilateral discussions with members, usually every year. A staff team visits the country, collects economic and financial information, and discuss...

IV Financial Crises: Characteristics and Indicators of Vulnerability

IV Financial Crises: Characteristics and Indicators of Vulnerability »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1998 : Financial Crises: Causes and Indicators

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 1998

ISBN: 9781557757401

Keywords: debt, interest, exchange rates, current account, debtor countries

The Financial crises that erupted in east Asia in the second half of 1997 are the latest in a series of such episodes that have been experienced by economies in various regions of the world in recent years....

12 Presumptive Taxation

12 Presumptive Taxation »

Source: Tax Law Design and Drafting, Volume 1

Series: Books

Author(s): Victor Thuronyi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755872

Keywords: inflation, vat, social security, taxation, tax administration

I. General Concepts Presumptive taxation involves the use of indirect means to ascertain tax liability, which differ from the usual rules based on the taxpayer’s accounts....

CHAPTER II CURRENT ISSUES IN THE WORLD ECONOMY

CHAPTER II CURRENT ISSUES IN THE WORLD ECONOMY »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2000 : Focus on Transition Economies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759757

Keywords: debt, interest, transition economies, payments, accession countries

This chapter discusses in further detail some of the key issues facing the world economy (see Chapter I). Much of the chapter focuses on the nexus of increased productivity in the United States and some othe...