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11 The Case for Building International Reserves

11 The Case for Building International Reserves »

Source: Post-Apartheid South Africa : The First Ten Years

Series: Books

Author(s): M. Nowak , and Luca Ricci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 January 2006

ISBN: 9781589064706

Keywords: inflation, hiv/aids, monetary policy, unemployment, exchange rate

The South African Reserve Bank (SARB) achieved a milestone in May 2003. By eliminating the negative net open forward exchange position (NOFP), 1 a source of external vulnerability...

Adequacy of Monetary Reserves

Adequacy of Monetary Reserves »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

On July 10, 1952, ECOSOC passed a resolution following an examination of a report entitled Measures for International Economic Stability. This resolution, inter alia, asked the Fund to keep unde...

Compensatory Financing: First Report

Compensatory Financing: First Report »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

In March 1959 the UN Commission on International Commodity Trade agreed to consider at its next session, in May 1960, international measures designed to compensate for fluctuations in export rec...

10 The Monetary Character of the IMF

10 The Monetary Character of the IMF »

Source: International Financial Policy : Essays in honor of Jacques J. Polak

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557751966

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary fund, current account, exchange rates, inflation

Since May 1981, a number of communiqués of the Group of Ten have called for the preservation of the “monetary role” or the “monetary character” of the Fund, without however providing a clear indication what...

4 Maintaining Competitiveness in the Global Economy

4 Maintaining Competitiveness in the Global Economy »

Source: India Goes Global : Its Expanding Role in the Global Economy

Series: Books

Author(s): Catriona Purfield , and Jerald Schiff

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 August 2006

ISBN: 9781589065680

Keywords: fdi, exchange rate, banking, direct investment, taxation

The appreciation of the rupee in recent years has raised concerns about India’s export competitiveness. Since end-2002, the Indian rupee has appreciated by 6 percent...

CHAPTER 3 Investment and Rebalancing in Emerging Asia

CHAPTER 3 Investment and Rebalancing in Emerging Asia »

Source: Rebalancing Growth in Asia : Economic Dimensions for China

Series: Books

Author(s): Vivek Arora , and Roberto Cardarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2011

ISBN: 9781616350567

Keywords: employment, private consumption, corporate governance, share of employment, export growth

Ensuring stable growth in the postcrisis world economy will require a rebalancing of economic activity in several countries. In Asia’s export-dependent economies, this entails relying more on private domesti...

Chapter 31. Portfolio Credit Risk and Macroeconomic Shocks: Applications to Stress Testing under Data-Restricted Environments

Chapter 31. Portfolio Credit Risk and Macroeconomic Shocks: Applications to Stress Testing under Data-Restricted Environments »

Source: A Guide to IMF Stress Testing : Methods and Models

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Ong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781484368589

Keywords: banking, banking system, financial institutions, financial stability, financial sector

Portfolio credit risk measurement is greatly affected by data constraints, especially when focusing on loans given to unlisted firms. Standard methodologies adopt convenient but not necessarily properly spec...

External Debt Problem of Sub-Saharan Africa

External Debt Problem of Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Analytical Issues in Debt

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1989

ISBN: 9781557750419

Keywords: debt, interest, creditors, debt relief, payments

MOST OF THE RECENT discussion of external debt problems of developing countries has centered on middle-income countries, particularly those in Latin America. Apart f...

Investment, Openness, and Country Risk

Investment, Openness, and Country Risk »

Source: Analytical Issues in Debt

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1989

ISBN: 9781557750419

Keywords: debt, interest, creditors, debt relief, payments

THE EVOLUTION of external debt during the 1970s and 1980s demonstrates the unique dimension of international banking in the presence of country risk. The lack of sim...

A Delicate Equilibrium: Debt Relief and Default Penalties in an International Context

A Delicate Equilibrium: Debt Relief and Default Penalties in an International Context »

Source: Analytical Issues in Debt

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1989

ISBN: 9781557750419

Keywords: debt, interest, creditors, debt relief, payments

THIS PAPER DISCUSSES two issues central to debt contracts: default penalties and debt relief. Both topics have received considerable attention in the economics liter...