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I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Romanian Economic Reform Program

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

In December 1989, with the fall of Nicolae Ceausescu, Romania reached a turning point in its history. The provisional Government that took over announced immediately a sharp and permanent break with the past...

IV Principal Objectives of the Romanian Reform Program

IV Principal Objectives of the Romanian Reform Program »

Source: The Romanian Economic Reform Program

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

The main objectives of the Romanian reform program fall into three broad categories: introducing market forces into the economy, notably by liberalizing prices, trade and the exchange system, and interest ra...

V Social Security in Sweden

V Social Security in Sweden »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

After decades of expansion, reform of the social security system in Sweden has become the focus of attention as a result of the country’s overall budget crisis since the early 1990s. Although the need for pe...

VI Mexico’s External Debt Policies, 1982–90

VI Mexico’s External Debt Policies, 1982–90 »

Source: Mexico : The Strategy to Achieve Sustained Economic Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Claudio Loser , and Eliot Kalter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1992

ISBN: 9781557753120

Keywords: inflation, bonds, bond, real interest rates, inflation rate

Since the outbreak of the 1982 “debt crisis,” external debt-management policies have played a critical role in the Mexican authorities’ efforts to restore sustained economic growth in the context of internal...

II The Economic System Before the Beginning of Reform

II The Economic System Before the Beginning of Reform »

Source: The Romanian Economic Reform Program

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

To clarify what the reform program is trying to achieve and the obstacles it faces, this section describes the main aspects of the centrally planned system in Romania and its development in the 1970s and 198...

III The Swedish Labor Market

III The Swedish Labor Market »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

This section describes the main features of the Swedish labor market. The main trends in the labor market are first outlined, focusing on developments during the 1990s. This is followed by an evaluation of t...

Appendix I Capital Mobility and Monetary Policy

Appendix I Capital Mobility and Monetary Policy »

Source: Thailand : Adjusting to Success: Current Policy Issues

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): David Robinson , Ranjit Teja , Yangho Byeon , and Wanda Tseng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557752215

Keywords: bank of thailand, foreign direct investment, direct investment, expenditure, financial institutions

During both 1989 and 1990, the growth of the monetary aggregates in Thailand was driven almost entirely by a rapid increase in private capital inflows, which the Bank of Thailand ha...

VIII Export Specialization and Economic Growth

VIII Export Specialization and Economic Growth »

Source: Chile : Institutions and Policies Underpinning Stability and Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eliot Kalter , Steven Phillips , Manmohan Singh , Mauricio Villafuerte , Rodolfo Luzio , and Marco Espinosa-Vega

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2004

ISBN: 9781589063259

Keywords: Economic growth, central bank, inflation, capital markets, banking, external debt

Claims in the recent economic literature that natural resource-based exports have a negative impact on long-term economic growth have raised some concerns about the structure and evolution of Chile’s exports...

V Determinants of Inflation

V Determinants of Inflation »

Source: Vietnam : Transition to a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Erich Spitäller , M. Braulke , Christian Mulder , Hisanobu Shishido , Kenneth M. Miranda , John Dodsworth , and Keon Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1996

ISBN: 9781557755384

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange, state enterprises, exchange rates

Vietnam has had remarkable success in bringing inflation under control. In the wake of policies that the country has pursued, the increase in consumer prices declined from 394 percent in 1988 to 5 percent in...

V The Chilean Banking System: Recent Developments

V The Chilean Banking System: Recent Developments »

Source: Chile : Institutions and Policies Underpinning Stability and Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eliot Kalter , Steven Phillips , Manmohan Singh , Mauricio Villafuerte , Rodolfo Luzio , and Marco Espinosa-Vega

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2004

ISBN: 9781589063259

Keywords: Economic growth, central bank, inflation, capital markets, banking, external debt

This section provides a brief update of the Chilean banking system by reporting recent developments and regulatory changes, standard prudential indicators, and the view of rating agencies. It also discusses...