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V U.S. Energy Policy: Role of Taxation

V U.S. Energy Policy: Role of Taxation »

Source: U.S. Fiscal Policies and Priorities for Long-Run Sustainability

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Martin Mühleisen , and Christopher Towe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 2004

ISBN: 9781589062955

Keywords: Economic growth, medicare, tax cuts, health care, public debt, fiscal policy

Following the release of the administration’s National Energy Policy in 2001, far-reaching energy legislation is being considered in Congress. 1 The legislation seems to be mainly...

III Mapping the Transition: Design of the Reform Program

III Mapping the Transition: Design of the Reform Program »

Source: The Romanian Economic Reform Program

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

Against a background of economic, institutional, and social crisis in Romania, a coherent reform strategy gradually emerged. This section examines the overall design of the reform program, and, in particular...

VII Mexico’s Return to Voluntary International Capital Market Financing

VII Mexico’s Return to Voluntary International Capital Market Financing »

Source: Mexico : The Strategy to Achieve Sustained Economic Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Claudio Loser , and Eliot Kalter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1992

ISBN: 9781557753120

Keywords: inflation, bonds, bond, real interest rates, inflation rate

Since mid-1989, Mexico has gradually regained access to voluntary international capital market financing after having been virtually excluded for much of the decade. The renewed acceptability of Mexican secu...

IV Long-Run U.S. Fiscal Imbalance: An Intergenerational Analysis

IV Long-Run U.S. Fiscal Imbalance: An Intergenerational Analysis »

Source: U.S. Fiscal Policies and Priorities for Long-Run Sustainability

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Martin Mühleisen , and Christopher Towe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 2004

ISBN: 9781589062955

Keywords: Economic growth, medicare, tax cuts, health care, public debt, fiscal policy

The recent dramatic deterioration of the U.S. fiscal position has heightened long-standing concerns about the extent to which the retirement and health care systems are prepared to cope with the pressures of...

V Conclusions

V Conclusions »

Source: The Romanian Economic Reform Program

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Dimitri Demekas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751904

Keywords: banking, foreign trade, foreign exchange, price liberalization, reform program

The Romanian reform program is designed to bring the country out of a strict centrally planned economic system into a world where individual choice and markets play the central role. In just over a year, con...

III State-Owned Enterprise Performance

III State-Owned Enterprise Performance »

Source: Vietnam : Transition to a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Erich Spitäller , M. Braulke , Christian Mulder , Hisanobu Shishido , Kenneth M. Miranda , John Dodsworth , and Keon Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1996

ISBN: 9781557755384

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange, state enterprises, exchange rates

An unwieldy and loss-making state-owned enterprise sector has often been cited as playing a major role in impairing the performance of transition economies. Vietnam appears to be different. Indeed, with econ...

VII External Shocks, Policy Responses, and Domestic Adjustment

VII External Shocks, Policy Responses, and Domestic Adjustment »

Source: Oman Beyond the Oil Horizon : Policies Toward Sustainable Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Volker Treichel , and Ahsan Mansur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 1999

ISBN: 9781557758330

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, capital expenditure, fiscal adjustment, fiscal impulse

External Shocks, Policy Responses, and Domestic Adjustment Oman’s economy is extremely vulnerable to terms-of-trade shocks because of its heavy reliance on oil export proceeds, which...

VII External Trade and the Aftermath of the 1992 Devaluation

VII External Trade and the Aftermath of the 1992 Devaluation »

Source: Challenges to the Swedish Welfare State

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Desmond Lachman , Ramana Ramaswamy , J. Green , Robert Hagemann , and Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754868

Keywords: pension, export prices, unemployment, labor market, recession

The 1992 devaluation of the Swedish krona fundamentally altered the trading circumstances of the Swedish economy. It did so in much the same manner as did the devaluations of other European economies followi...

II External Environment: Politics, Oil, and Debt

II External Environment: Politics, Oil, and Debt »

Source: Yemen in the 1990s : From Unification to Economic Reform

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Nada Choueiri , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Yuri Sobolev , Jan Walliser , and Sherwyn Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2002

ISBN: 9781589060425

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, crude oil, oil prices, petroleum products

Economic developments in Yemen in the 1990s were driven largely by dramatic changes in the political sphere—in particular, by unification and civil war—and by external events, chief among which...

Appendix V The Lao Government's Policy Agenda, 1994/95–1999/2000

Appendix V The Lao Government's Policy Agenda, 1994/95–1999/2000 »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

As described in the Committee for Planning and Cooperation's Medium-Term Policy Framework and Public Investment Program, the Lao Government's ambitious policy agenda for 1994/95–199...