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CHAPTER 5 Economic Growth: What Has Been Achieved and How?

CHAPTER 5 Economic Growth: What Has Been Achieved and How? »

Source: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries (ESAF Review Background Papers)

Series: Books

Author(s): Susan Schadler , and Hugh Bredenkamp

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757159

Keywords: inflation, public enterprises, public enterprise, enterprise reform, public enterprise sector

The promotion of sustainable economic growth is one of the principal objectives of ESAF-supported programs. This chapter examines the pattern of growth in ESAF countries over the past 10–15 years, drawing co...

Chapter 5 Sovereign Wealth Funds and the Santiago Principles1

Chapter 5 Sovereign Wealth Funds and the Santiago Principles1 »

Source: Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds

Series: Books

Author(s): Udaibir Das , Adnan Mazarei , and Han Hoorn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2010

ISBN: 9781589069275

Keywords: investors, bonds, investment strategies, principals, financial markets

The public policy focus on sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) during 2007–08 raised several important issues relevant for the functioning of the international monetary system. These issues encompassed the manner...

7 The Role of Central Banks in Ensuring Financial Stability

7 The Role of Central Banks in Ensuring Financial Stability »

Source: Safeguarding Financial Stability : Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2005

ISBN: 9781589064409

Keywords: credit, financial system, otc, financial institutions

This chapter 76 addresses three questions: Do central banks have a natural role in ensuring financial stability?...

CHAPTER 5 Fiscal Policy, Expenditure Composition, and Growth in Low-Income Countries

CHAPTER 5 Fiscal Policy, Expenditure Composition, and Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs : Recent Staff Research

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Alessandro Rebucci , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589063617

Keywords: International Monetary Fund, current account, capital flows, private capital, private capital flows, conditionality

Introduction A large body of empirical research supports the notion that healthy budgetary balances are, over the long run, good for growth (Easterly, Rodriguez, and Schmidt-Hebbel,...

2 Loan Review, Provisioning, and Macroeconomic Linkages

2 Loan Review, Provisioning, and Macroeconomic Linkages »

Source: Building Strong Banks Through Surveillance and Resolution

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Dewitt Marston , and Michael Taylor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589060432

Keywords: banking, loans, restructuring, debt, asset management

Recent banking crises have highlighted the importance of macro-prudential indicators as a basis to assess financial stability. Of particular concern are indicators s...

6 Revenue from the Oil and Gas Sector: Issues and Country Experience

6 Revenue from the Oil and Gas Sector: Issues and Country Experience »

Source: Fiscal Policy Formulation and Implementation in Oil-Producing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Jeffrey Davis , Annalisa Fedelino , and Rolando Ossowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589061750

Keywords: oil prices, fiscal policy, oil revenues, oil and gas, taxation

I. Introduction Oil and gas extraction plays a dominant role as a source of export earnings and, to a lesser extent, employment in many developing countries. But the...

CHAPTER 10 How Can Commodity Exporters Make Fiscal and Monetary Policy Less Procyclical?

CHAPTER 10 How Can Commodity Exporters Make Fiscal and Monetary Policy Less Procyclical? »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

THE PROBLEM OF PROCYCLICALITY Countries dependent on exports of oil, minerals, and other primary commodities tend to have pronounced economic cycles. Although this cyclical variabili...

CHAPTER 2 Natural Resource Endowment: A Mixed Blessing?

CHAPTER 2 Natural Resource Endowment: A Mixed Blessing? »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION Economic geography is no longer what it used to be. For a long time, economic geographers studied raw materials and their distribution around the world and assigned cruc...

Chapter 6. Savings and Investment Decisions in Resource-Rich Low-Income Countries

Chapter 6. Savings and Investment Decisions in Resource-Rich Low-Income Countries »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction Many of the poorest countries on Earth are in the throes of a double bonanza of high prices for their natural resource exports coupled with new discoveries. Over the nex...

14 Hedging Government Oil Price Risk

14 Hedging Government Oil Price Risk »

Source: Fiscal Policy Formulation and Implementation in Oil-Producing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Jeffrey Davis , Annalisa Fedelino , and Rolando Ossowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589061750

Keywords: oil prices, fiscal policy, oil revenues, oil and gas, taxation

I. Introduction Oil price risk is the risk that oil prices may change rapidly, substantially, and unpredictably. Governments are subject to this risk in two main ways...