Search Results

You are looking at 71 - 80 of 113 items :

Clear All
VI. Policies Regarding Subsidies and State Enterprises and Their Relationship to the Pricing System

VI. Policies Regarding Subsidies and State Enterprises and Their Relationship to the Pricing System »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Subsidies and Transfers As described in Section II, the typical country undertaking a Fund-supported program subsidizes selected goods and services. These open-ended demands on gover...

IV Conclusions

IV Conclusions »

Source: Capital Controls : Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Akira Ariyoshi , Andrei Kirilenko , Inci Ötker , Bernard Laurens , Jorge Canales Kriljenko , and Karl Habermeier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2000

ISBN: 9781557758743

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, capital controls, capital flows, foreign exchange

This review of the use and liberalization of capital controls in 14 countries cannot be considered exhaustive. It illustrates the difficulty of precisely assessing the effects of capital control...

II Country Experiences

II Country Experiences »

Source: Capital Controls : Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Akira Ariyoshi , Andrei Kirilenko , Inci Ötker , Bernard Laurens , Jorge Canales Kriljenko , and Karl Habermeier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2000

ISBN: 9781557758743

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, capital controls, capital flows, foreign exchange

General Considerations on the Use of Capital Controls This section provides a brief summary of the general considerations involved in the use of capital controls, including the objec...

VII. Debt Financing and Distribution

VII. Debt Financing and Distribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Fund-supported programs (86 programs) nearly always look for a reduction of the budget deficit as a percentage of GDP, which in turn is usually associated with limits on the raising of new external public de...

VI Experience with the Use of Capital Outflow Controls in the Context of Financial Crises

VI Experience with the Use of Capital Outflow Controls in the Context of Financial Crises »

Source: Capital Controls : Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Akira Ariyoshi , Andrei Kirilenko , Inci Ötker , Bernard Laurens , Jorge Canales Kriljenko , and Karl Habermeier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2000

ISBN: 9781557758743

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, capital controls, capital flows, foreign exchange

Malaysia (1997–Present) Malaysia is a highly open economy; and its approach to economic development has traditionally included the liberalization of capital flows....

V. The Impact of Government Expenditure on Income Distribution

V. The Impact of Government Expenditure on Income Distribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Redistribution of income and wealth can occur not only through taxation but also through government expenditure, which can be categorized in economic or functional terms. The more traditional focus is on an...

III Controls on Capital Movements

III Controls on Capital Movements »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

This section reviews the structure of and trends in controls on capital movements and some of the issues and approaches the IMF has adopted to address capital account issues in the context of its technical a...

5 The International Community and Development: Trade, Aid, and the International Financial Institutions

5 The International Community and Development: Trade, Aid, and the International Financial Institutions »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2010 : The MDGs after the Crisis

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2010

ISBN: 9781455215959

Keywords: hiv/aids, safety nets, maternal mortality, external shocks, infant mortality

The global economic crisis severely reduced developing-country external resources by drastically curtailing their export revenues and their access to private capital flows. As elaborated in prev...

Comments: Guillermo Perry

Comments: Guillermo Perry »

Source: Economic Policy and Equity

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557757883

Keywords: income distribution, transition economies, income inequality, distribution of income, wage

We have on the table two excellent papers, rich in policy implications. Let me first make a few comments on Alberto Alesina’s paper. It is a very well argued paper, and his model of the two different politic...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

During the past decade, most economies have become more open, as evidenced by the increase in world exports of goods and services as a share of GDP from about 18 percent in 1987 to about 23 percent in 1997....