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Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries »

Source: Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells , John Dodsworth , and Paul Mathieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451968958

Keywords: Energy sector, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Former Soviet Union, Transition economies, Regional issues, oil products, crude oil, natural gas

This paper explores from a regional perspective the distorted nature of trade in energy products within the CIS countries. The persistence of pricing distortions, barter arrangements, and discriminatory access to p...

Recent Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects

Recent Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2007, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 2007

ISBN: 9781589066441

Keywords: oil exporters, exporters, exporting countries, oil-exporting countries

Highlights The region covered by the Middle East and Central Asia Department (MCD) appears set for another year of strong growth. Real GDP should average over 6 percent in 2007, for...

Chapter III.4 The Exchange and Trade Systems

Chapter III.4 The Exchange and Trade Systems »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION AND OUTLOOK 1 The exchange and trade system has continued to be largely shaped by central planning. Most trade and capi...

6 Inequality and Poverty in the CIS-7 Countries, 1989–2002

6 Inequality and Poverty in the CIS-7 Countries, 1989–2002 »

Source: The Low-Income Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States : Progress and Challenges in Transition

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Sarosh Sattar , and Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063211

Keywords: debt, external debt, expenditures, current account, transition economies

This chapter examines the evolution and current status of living standards and welfare following a decade of transition in seven of the poorest countries of the former Soviet Union...

9 Economic Development and Private Sector Growth in the CIS-7 Countries: Challenges and Policy Implications

9 Economic Development and Private Sector Growth in the CIS-7 Countries: Challenges and Policy Implications »

Source: The Low-Income Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States : Progress and Challenges in Transition

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Sarosh Sattar , and Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063211

Keywords: debt, external debt, expenditures, current account, transition economies

Despite widespread donor assistance and substantial amounts of aid, growth rates in the low-income CIS-7 countries have been much lower than anticipated. According to the official s...

10 The Integration of Low-Income CIS-7 Countries into the World Trading System

10 The Integration of Low-Income CIS-7 Countries into the World Trading System »

Source: The Low-Income Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States : Progress and Challenges in Transition

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Sarosh Sattar , and Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063211

Keywords: debt, external debt, expenditures, current account, transition economies

More effective integration into the world trading system is part of the transition from central planning to markets. Based on market forces, international trade promotes more effici...

Chapter V.1 Environment

Chapter V.1 Environment »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. THE CURRENT SITUATION The magnitude of environmental problems in the USSR cannot be estimated with precision: the information is partial and in some cases it has been distorted be...

Chapter V.6 Energy

Chapter V.6 Energy »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION The USSR is well endowed with energy resources; according to Western estimates proven Soviet energy reserves include 58 billion barrels of crude oil, 52 trillion cubi...

Chapter III.1 Structural Fiscal Issues

Chapter III.1 Structural Fiscal Issues »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION The evolution of the public finances in the USSR has been dominated for decades by allocative and distributional concerns, with little weight attached to macroeconomi...

Chapter II.3 The New Reform Effort

Chapter II.3 The New Reform Effort »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. THE REFORM DEBATE The deterioration of Soviet economic performance during the late 1980s, continuing at an accelerating rate into 1990, pointed clearly to the inadequacies of the...