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Dollarization of the Banking System

Dollarization of the Banking System »

Source: Dollarization of the Banking System : Good or Bad?

Volume/Issue: 2003/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gianni De Nicolo , Patrick Honohan , and Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856668

Keywords: Financial Deepening, Financial Instability, inflation, foreign currency, foreign exchange, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

This paper assesses the benefits and risks associated with dollarization of the banking system. We provide novel empirical evidence on the determinants of dollarization, its role in promoting financial development,...

Informality and Regulations

Informality and Regulations »

Source: Informality and Regulations : What Drives Firm Growth?

Volume/Issue: 2007/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , and Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2007

ISBN: 9781451866766

Keywords: Firm growth, informality, business environment, Transition countries, regulatory burden, survey, organized crime, correlation, standard errors,

The paper relies on a rich firm-level data set on transition economies to examine the role of informality as an important channel through which regulatory and other policy constraints affect firm growth. We find th...

Weathering the Storm So Far

Weathering the Storm So Far »

Source: Weathering the Storm So Far : The Impact of the 2003-05 Oil Shock on Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2006/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helaway Tadesse , Mark Lewis , Jörg Zeuner , James John , Luzmaria Monasi , and Paolo Dudine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451864311

Keywords: adjustment, fiscal, quasi-fiscal, pass-through, low-income country, IMF financing, oil imports, oil importers, National Deficit Surplus, Energy and the Macroeconomy

This paper examines the impact of the 2003-05 oil price increase on the balance of payments positions and IMF financing needs of low-income country oil importers. It finds that stronger exports reflecting favorable...

Main Developments in the World Economy

Main Developments in the World Economy »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

World economic growth moderated slightly in 1995, to 3½ percent—marginally below its long-term trend rate, but above growth rates during the 1990–93 global slowdown (Chart 1). The minor change in global aver...

Chapter III.4 The Exchange and Trade Systems

Chapter III.4 The Exchange and Trade Systems »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION AND OUTLOOK 1 The exchange and trade system has continued to be largely shaped by central planning. Most trade and capi...

9 Economic Development and Private Sector Growth in the CIS-7 Countries: Challenges and Policy Implications

9 Economic Development and Private Sector Growth in the CIS-7 Countries: Challenges and Policy Implications »

Source: The Low-Income Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States : Progress and Challenges in Transition

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Sarosh Sattar , and Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063211

Keywords: debt, external debt, expenditures, current account, transition economies

Despite widespread donor assistance and substantial amounts of aid, growth rates in the low-income CIS-7 countries have been much lower than anticipated. According to the official s...

10 The Integration of Low-Income CIS-7 Countries into the World Trading System

10 The Integration of Low-Income CIS-7 Countries into the World Trading System »

Source: The Low-Income Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States : Progress and Challenges in Transition

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Sarosh Sattar , and Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063211

Keywords: debt, external debt, expenditures, current account, transition economies

More effective integration into the world trading system is part of the transition from central planning to markets. Based on market forces, international trade promotes more effici...

Article IV Consultations

Article IV Consultations »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

Under Article IV of the Articles of Agreement, the Fund holds bilateral discussions with members, usually every year. A staff team visits the country, collects economic and financial information, and discuss...

Chapter II.3 The New Reform Effort

Chapter II.3 The New Reform Effort »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. THE REFORM DEBATE The deterioration of Soviet economic performance during the late 1980s, continuing at an accelerating rate into 1990, pointed clearly to the inadequacies of the...

2 Debt Accumulation in the CIS-7 Countries: Bad Luck, Bad Policies, or Bad Advice?

2 Debt Accumulation in the CIS-7 Countries: Bad Luck, Bad Policies, or Bad Advice? »

Source: The Low-Income Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States : Progress and Challenges in Transition

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Sarosh Sattar , and Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063211

Keywords: debt, external debt, expenditures, current account, transition economies

Introduction With the exception of Azerbaijan, which is a net energy exporter, the other low-income CIS countries—Armenia, Georgia, the Kyrgyz Republic, Moldova, Tajikistan, and Uzbe...