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III. The Effect of the External Environment on Growth in Latin America

III. The Effect of the External Environment on Growth in Latin America »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2007, Western Hemisphere

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066427

Keywords: world growth, commodity prices, bond, per capita income, terms of trade

The recent slowing of growth in the United States and the projected softening of nonfuel commodity prices has rekindled interest in an old question: how are changes in external conditions likely to affect gr...

Climate and Economic Development: Is the location of many developing countries in the tropics a cause of their poverty?

Climate and Economic Development: Is the location of many developing countries in the tropics a cause of their poverty? »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1973

Volume/Issue: 10/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1973

ISBN: 9781616353124

Keywords: economic development, temperate zone, soils, tropical soils, tropical areas

This paper reviews the influence of the tropical climate on economic development. The paper highlights that the effect of climate is clearly not the only ruling constraint on economic development. It is claimed tha...

III Macroeconomic Environment and Factors Underlying Growth and Investment

III Macroeconomic Environment and Factors Underlying Growth and Investment »

Source: Jordan : Strategy for Adjustment and Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ahsan Mansur , and Edouard Maciejewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755582

Keywords: debt, interest, central bank, public debt, external debt

This section provides background information on how Jordan’s adjustment and reform programs and the resulting improved macroeconomic policy environment have influenced investment and growth in recent years....

CHAPTER II THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM IN THE (VERY) LONG RUN

CHAPTER II THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM IN THE (VERY) LONG RUN »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

The dawn of the new millennium is an appropriate time to take stock of the evolution of the international monetary system. In most of the literature on this subject, a long view is anything that considers th...

CHAPTER III CURRENCY CRISES: IN SEARCH OF COMMON ELEMENTS

CHAPTER III CURRENCY CRISES: IN SEARCH OF COMMON ELEMENTS »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

The financial crisis that erupted in east Asia in the second half of 1997 was the latest in a series of currency crises that at various times in the post–Bretton Woods period have engulfed emerging market ec...

CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

This chapter reviews the experience of economic growth during the twentieth century in the context of trends in globalization and with a view to highlighting implications relevant to early twenty-first centu...

10 The Market for Credit Risk Transfer Vehicles: How Well Is It Functioning and What Are the Future Challenges?

10 The Market for Credit Risk Transfer Vehicles: How Well Is It Functioning and What Are the Future Challenges? »

Source: Safeguarding Financial Stability : Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2005

ISBN: 9781589064409

Keywords: credit, financial system, otc, financial institutions

The market for instruments that transfer credit risk from one investor to another—vehicles such as credit default swaps and collateralized debt obligations—has experienced tremendous growth since the mid-199...

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

The IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indices based on relative unit labor costs in manufacturing, which are currently calculated for 21 industrial countries, have for some time...

9 Systemic Challenges Posed by Greater Reliance on Over-the-Counter Derivatives Markets

9 Systemic Challenges Posed by Greater Reliance on Over-the-Counter Derivatives Markets »

Source: Safeguarding Financial Stability : Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 December 2005

ISBN: 9781589064409

Keywords: credit, financial system, otc, financial institutions

Rapid growth, development, and widespread use of over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives markets have accompanied the modernization of commercial and investment banking and the globalization of finance. Both mode...

2 Lessons from Past Crises—and How the Current Crisis Differs

2 Lessons from Past Crises—and How the Current Crisis Differs »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2010 : The MDGs after the Crisis

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2010

ISBN: 9781455215959

Keywords: hiv/aids, safety nets, maternal mortality, external shocks, infant mortality

Historically, periods of sharp contraction have been extremely harmful for human development. Social indicators tend to deteriorate rapidly during economic downturns and improve slowly during ec...