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Central America: Economic Progress and Reforms

Central America: Economic Progress and Reforms »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Central America has made substantial progress in recent years in moving economic reforms forward and deepening regional and global integration. As result of these efforts, the region has experienced higher growth,...

The Caribbean: Enhancing Economic Integration

The Caribbean: Enhancing Economic Integration »

Source: The Caribbean : Enhancing Economic Integration

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Sanjaya Panth , Paul Cashin , and W. Bauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067936

Keywords: tax incentives, fdi, preference erosion, trade preferences, exporting countries

The Caribbean has made substantial progress in recent years in implementing economic reforms, both at the national and regional level. The Caribbean: Enhancing Economic Integration examines the product of the effor...

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Volume: 13

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

The reform of energy subsidies is an important but challenging issue for sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. There is a relatively large theoretical and empirical literature on this issue. While this paper relies...

chapter 3 Central America’s Regional Trends and U.S. Cycles

chapter 3 Central America’s Regional Trends and U.S. Cycles »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction The economies of Central America share a close relationship with the United States, with considerable comovement of GDP growth over a long period of time. The open natur...

chapter 4 Equity and Fiscal Policy: Income Distribution Effects of Taxation and Social Spending

chapter 4 Equity and Fiscal Policy: Income Distribution Effects of Taxation and Social Spending »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction Central America’s high levels of poverty and income inequality place the distributional effects of fiscal policy at the center of policy dialogue. Central American gover...

CHAPTER 2: Financial Integration in the Caribbean

CHAPTER 2: Financial Integration in the Caribbean »

Source: The Caribbean : Enhancing Economic Integration

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Sanjaya Panth , Paul Cashin , and W. Bauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067936

Keywords: tax incentives, fdi, preference erosion, trade preferences, exporting countries

A. Introduction 1 Integrating national capital markets is an explicit objective of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM), as part of its d...

chapter 2 Moving Forward with Economic Integration

chapter 2 Moving Forward with Economic Integration »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction Central America appears to be an ideal candidate for economic integration. Despite differences in economic development, the countries share a common language, history, c...

chapter 5 Central American Customs Union and Challenges for Tax and Customs Administration

chapter 5 Central American Customs Union and Challenges for Tax and Customs Administration »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction In December 2007, the governments of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua signed the Framework Agreement for the Establishment of the Central Amer...

chapter 6 Financial Sector Development: Equity and Private Debt Markets1

chapter 6 Financial Sector Development: Equity and Private Debt Markets1 »

Source: Central America : Economic Progress and Reforms

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Dominique Desruelle , and Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

ISBN: 9781589067653

Keywords: customs, social spending, common, customs union, capital markets

Introduction Banks and their affiliates dominate the financial system. While growing rapidly, financial intermediation in Central America continues to take place mainly through the b...