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11 Central Bank Independence in Austria

11 Central Bank Independence in Austria »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

I would like to discuss the evolution of central bank independence in Austria and how it functions today. I shall first give a short history as background and then describe the pres...

6 A Comparative Perspective on Expenditure Assignments

6 A Comparative Perspective on Expenditure Assignments »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Principles Expenditure assignments influence the effective provision of certain services, as well as macroeconomic policy, but have important distributional implicati...

16 Horizontal Equalization Grants

16 Horizontal Equalization Grants »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Chapter 16 provides a broadly based rationale for the creation of a system of grants. This chapter concentrates on just one aspect of such a grant...

CHAPTER 6 Determinants of China’s Private Consumption: An International Perspective

CHAPTER 6 Determinants of China’s Private Consumption: An International Perspective »

Source: Rebalancing Growth in Asia : Economic Dimensions for China

Series: Books

Author(s): Vivek Arora , and Roberto Cardarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2011

ISBN: 9781616350567

Keywords: employment, private consumption, corporate governance, share of employment, export growth

INTRODUCTION China’s private consumption as a share of GDP has declined from around 55 percent in the early 1980s to around 37 percent in 2008. The decline in a country’s share of pr...

Chapter 12 Institutional Change, Trade Composition, and Export Supply Potential in China

Chapter 12 Institutional Change, Trade Composition, and Export Supply Potential in China »

Source: Inflation and Growth in China

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755421

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange, central bank

The main objectives of this paper are to analyze the changing composition of China’s trade within the context of the reform of the Chinese economy and to discuss its...

12 Local Taxation in an International Perspective

12 Local Taxation in an International Perspective »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Local taxes enhance the autonomy of local governments and their accountability. The joint effect is to enable citizens to influence the quantity and the mix of servi...

9 Making Tax Policy Pro-Growth

9 Making Tax Policy Pro-Growth »

Source: India Goes Global : Its Expanding Role in the Global Economy

Series: Books

Author(s): Catriona Purfield , and Jerald Schiff

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 August 2006

ISBN: 9781589065680

Keywords: fdi, exchange rate, banking, direct investment, taxation

Despite recent reforms to the personal and corporate income taxes and the introduction of a state value-added-tax (VAT) on goods in April 2005, India’s competitivene...

7 Reining in State Deficits

7 Reining in State Deficits »

Source: India Goes Global : Its Expanding Role in the Global Economy

Series: Books

Author(s): Catriona Purfield , and Jerald Schiff

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 August 2006

ISBN: 9781589065680

Keywords: fdi, exchange rate, banking, direct investment, taxation

A major factor underlying India’s large general government deficit and debt burden has been the deterioration of state government finances. State governments play an...

CHAPTER 5 Employment Effects of Growth Rebalancing in China

CHAPTER 5 Employment Effects of Growth Rebalancing in China »

Source: Rebalancing Growth in Asia : Economic Dimensions for China

Series: Books

Author(s): Vivek Arora , and Roberto Cardarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2011

ISBN: 9781616350567

Keywords: employment, private consumption, corporate governance, share of employment, export growth

INTRODUCTION There is a growing sense, as noted in Chapter 4, that China’s export-oriented growth will be difficult to sustain over the medium to longer term and that shifting toward...

Chapter 4 Growth and Inflation in Asia’s Transition Economies

Chapter 4 Growth and Inflation in Asia’s Transition Economies »

Source: Inflation and Growth in China

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755421

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange, central bank

One of the first countries “in transition” to a market economy was China, even though it would not like this epithet. The success of the emerging economies in Asia,...