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Working Paper: Aging population threatens Austria’s welfare state

Working Paper: Aging population threatens Austria’s welfare state »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 32, Issue 05

Volume/Issue: 32/5

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451935233

Keywords: oil prices, oil sector, exchange rate, fiscal policy, real exchange

Russia’s unexpectedly strong recovery since its 1998 crisis has left people wondering whether it is just a temporary result of higher oil prices and the postcrisis depreciation of the ruble or a sign ofdurab...

Republic of Kazakhstan

Republic of Kazakhstan »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2004/363

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451820942

Keywords: expenditures, oil revenues, natural gas, crude oil, total expenditures

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Republic of Kazakhstan

Republic of Kazakhstan »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2005/239

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451820959

Keywords: expenditures, oil revenues, natural gas, crude oil, total expenditures

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2003/211

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451820904

Keywords: crude oil, oil and gas, natural gas, petroleum sector, million barrels

This Selected Issues paper reviews the developments, issues, and prospects of the petroleum sector of Kazakhstan, and analyzes the recent strong economic growth, the links between the oil and the non-oil sector, an...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2002/64

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451820850

Keywords: petroleum exports, petroleum production, pipeline system, petroleum sector, pipeline capacity, Fiscal Affairs, Fiscal Affairs, Fiscal Affairs, Fiscal Affairs,

This Selected Issues paper presents a brief overview of developments and prospects for the petroleum sector of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The paper conducts a comprehensive assessment of fiscal vulnerability, fisc...

What Causes Firms to Hide Output? the Determinants of Informality

What Causes Firms to Hide Output? the Determinants of Informality »

Source: What Causes Firms to Hide Output? the Determinants of Informality

Volume/Issue: 2005/160

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste , Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451861792

Keywords: determinants, institutions, survey, business environment, regulatory burden, probability, firm size, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Firm, Education: Other, institution,

In many developing countries, a significant part of economic activity takes place in the informal sector. Earlier work has examined the determinants of the size of the informal sector, focusing separately on factor...

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries »

Source: FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451972849

Keywords: Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Transition economies, Investment climate, FDI, Regional issues, investment, capital flows, direct investment,

In view of disappointing levels of inward foreign direct investment (FDI), this paper examines capital flows into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and investigates the main impediments to a mo...

Chapter IV.6 Labor Market, Social Safety Net, Education and Training

Chapter IV.6 Labor Market, Social Safety Net, Education and Training »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION The transition to a market economy in the USSR will involve significant adjustments and social costs, and will require putting in place effective labor market and soc...

Chapter III.4 The Exchange and Trade Systems

Chapter III.4 The Exchange and Trade Systems »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION AND OUTLOOK 1 The exchange and trade system has continued to be largely shaped by central planning. Most trade and capi...

Chapter IV.4 Foreign Direct Investment

Chapter IV.4 Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION Few, if any, countries offer as potentially attractive opportunities for large-scale foreign direct investment as the USSR: a vast internal market; a critical need fo...