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Environmental Protectionism, North-South Trade, and the Uruguay Round1/

Environmental Protectionism, North-South Trade, and the Uruguay Round1/ »

Source: Environmental Protectionism, North-South Trade, and the Uruguay Round

Volume/Issue: 1995/6

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451929041

Keywords: environment, environmental standards, environmental agreements, environmental problems, environmental taxes

The paper seeks to provide an overview of the present state of debate on trade, environment and the GATT for developing countries. Potential for green protectionism and relevant GATT rules are discussed in three ar...

II Trade Policy Developments, 1990–93

II Trade Policy Developments, 1990–93 »

Source: International Trade Policies : The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Richard Harmsen , Peter Uimonen , Naheed Kirmani , and Michael Leidy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754691

Keywords: trade liberalization, uruguay round, international trade, exchange rate, trade restrictions

During 1990–93, the growth of trade (as measured by trade volumes) outstripped the increase in real GDP, in line with the trend toward increased integration of the world economy over most of the past three d...

6 The Uruguay Round and International Trade in Textiles and Clothing

6 The Uruguay Round and International Trade in Textiles and Clothing »

Source: The Uruguay Round and the Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557754974

Keywords: trade in services, international trade, market access, national treatment, round agreement

Textiles and clothing occupy an important position in the world economy. They contribute significantly to manufacturing production, employment, and trade. World trad...

2 Results of the Uruguay Round

2 Results of the Uruguay Round »

Source: The Uruguay Round and the Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557754974

Keywords: trade in services, international trade, market access, national treatment, round agreement

This chapter describes the principal results of the GATT’s eighth round of negotiations, launched in Punta del Este, Uruguay, in September 1986, and concluded in Mar...

5 The Uruguay Round and International Trade in Agricultural Products Implications for Arab Countries

5 The Uruguay Round and International Trade in Agricultural Products Implications for Arab Countries »

Source: The Uruguay Round and the Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557754974

Keywords: trade in services, international trade, market access, national treatment, round agreement

For the first time, the GATT has addressed agricultural trade policies in a comprehensive manner. Although only eight Arab countries are currently members of the GAT...

7 Trade in Services, the GATS, and the Arab Countries

7 Trade in Services, the GATS, and the Arab Countries »

Source: The Uruguay Round and the Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557754974

Keywords: trade in services, international trade, market access, national treatment, round agreement

In September 1986, governments embarked on the longest and most ambitious multilateral trade negotiations held under the auspices of the GATT. They concluded the neg...

Article III

Article III »

Source: Selected Decisions and Selected Documents of the International Monetary Fund, Thirty-Sixth Issue : Thirty-Sixth Issue

Series: Selected Decisions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2012

ISBN: 9781616353889

Keywords: payments, debt, obligations, external debt, balance of payments

Quotas and Subscriptions Adjustment of Quotas The first interval of five years, at the end of which the Fund shall review the quotas of the members in...

V Trade and the Environment

V Trade and the Environment »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Concern about the environment has grown markedly in the recent past. At the Earth Summit in 1992, governments collectively espoused the concept of “sustainable development”—meeting present needs without comp...

III Antidumping: Solution or Problem in the 1990s?

III Antidumping: Solution or Problem in the 1990s? »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Antidumping is by far the most frequently used (GATT-legal) instrument of administered or contingent protection 2 among industrial countries, and its use has been spreading in rec...

VI Regional Trading Arrangements

VI Regional Trading Arrangements »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Regional trading arrangements 2 have become increasingly important in the relations among Fund members. This paper reviews recent developments in regional trading arrangements, fa...