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11 Central Bank Independence in Austria

11 Central Bank Independence in Austria »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

I would like to discuss the evolution of central bank independence in Austria and how it functions today. I shall first give a short history as background and then describe the pres...

Peru: Second Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement

Peru: Second Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement »

Source: Peru : Second Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement

Volume/Issue: 2003/104

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 April 2003

ISBN: 9781451831030

Keywords: debt, public sector, interest, external debt, deficit

This paper focuses on Peru's Second Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement (SBA). Progress was made on structural reforms, but key reforms remain to be implemented, including the completion of tax reform and impleme...

Canada: Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation

Canada: Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Canada : Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2000/17

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 February 2000

ISBN: 9781451806861

Keywords: debt, budget, interest, interest rates, article

The Canadian economy bounced back strongly from the effects of the Asian financial crisis and the turmoil in world financial markets last year, reflecting a rebound in commodity prices, continued strong U.S. growth...

Brazil: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Brazil: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Brazil : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2001/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451805901

Keywords: interest, deficit, debt, interest payments, budget

This paper analyzes several issues regarding fiscal sustainability and fiscal adjustment in Brazil during 1990 and searches for econometric evidence of a monetary dominant regime during some subperiods. The followi...

A Debt Overhang Model for Low-Income Countries

A Debt Overhang Model for Low-Income Countries »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 4

Volume: 55

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067257

Keywords: copper, nickel, zinc, lead, tin, Super Cycles in Real Metals Prices?,

In this issue, John T. Cuddington and Daniel Jerrett from the Colorado School of Mines examine whether metals prices are in a "super cycle" upswing driven by intensive economic growth in China, in particular. Using...

Increases in Quotas: Fourth Quinquennial Review

Increases in Quotas: Fourth Quinquennial Review »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

The Fund is required at intervals of five years to review the quotas of members and to propose any adjustments that it believes to be desirable. No changes were proposed in the course of the fir...

16. The Design of Macroeconomic Policy in the World Economy

16. The Design of Macroeconomic Policy in the World Economy »

Source: International Financial Policy : Essays in honor of Jacques J. Polak

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557751966

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary fund, current account, exchange rates, inflation

I. Introduction and Background Dissatisfaction with the macroeconomic performance of the world economy, particularly from the early 1970s, has been the catalyst for a great variety o...

Enlargement of Fund Resources Through Increases in Quotas

Enlargement of Fund Resources Through Increases in Quotas »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

At the Annual Meetings in 1958 the subject discussed in the preceding document was extensively canvassed by Governors. On the motion of the Governor for the United States, a resolution was passe...

Adequacy of Monetary Reserves

Adequacy of Monetary Reserves »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

On July 10, 1952, ECOSOC passed a resolution following an examination of a report entitled Measures for International Economic Stability. This resolution, inter alia, asked the Fund to keep unde...

International Reserves and Liquidity

International Reserves and Liquidity »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

In May 1957 South Africa requested that the staff should undertake a study of “the factors affecting the present state of international liquidity, including the world supply of monetary gold.” R...