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III. Sectoral and Employment Effects of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe

III. Sectoral and Employment Effects of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe »

Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

Introduction “Policy makers will face great pressure to subsidize, or failing that, to protect the manufacturing sectors under threat. It would be a critical mistake to yield to this...

VI. Panel Discussion

VI. Panel Discussion »

Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

1. Andràs Inotai, Institute of World Economics, Budapest I would like to summarize my remarks in seven points, which I hope will provoke an interesting discussion. First,...

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Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

The European Agreement of the European Union and the agreements of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) with many East European countries are similar to free trade agreements, but they differ in some i...

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Economic theory offers limited guidance for assigning expenditure responsibilities among different levels of government. At the micro level, the benefit principle suggests that a given service should be prov...

3 Tax Assignment

3 Tax Assignment »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

A key issue in the literature on fiscal federalism is the question of how subnational authorities might best be financed. This complex issue has no easy solutions, given the wide variety of systems actually...

7 Control of Subnational Government Borrowing

7 Control of Subnational Government Borrowing »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

In the last two decades, public sector debt has shown a rising trend in relation to GDP in a wide range of countries, both federal and unitary. These increases have reflected high levels of real interest rat...

4 Intergovernmental Transfers

4 Intergovernmental Transfers »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

The revenue and expenditure assignments discussed in the preceding chapters normally give rise to vertical and horizontal imbalances within a nation’s intergovernmental finances. A vertical imbalance occurs...

CHAPTER 14 Long-Term Fiscal Developments and IMF Conditionality: Is There a Link?

CHAPTER 14 Long-Term Fiscal Developments and IMF Conditionality: Is There a Link? »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs : Recent Staff Research

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Alessandro Rebucci , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589063617

Keywords: International Monetary Fund, current account, capital flows, private capital, private capital flows, conditionality

Introduction What determines the composition of fiscal adjustment, and does it differ between countries with IMF-supported programs and those without such arrangements? Moreover, how...

5 Tax Administration

5 Tax Administration »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

In many developing countries efficient or equitable tax policies may fail because the tax administration is not able to implement these policies (Casanegra de Jantscher, 1986). Consideration of the tax admin...

V. Capital Flows in Europe: The Effect of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe

V. Capital Flows in Europe: The Effect of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe »

Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

1. Introduction In sharp contrast to the last decade, capital has been flowing in abundance from industrial to developing countries since the early 1990s. During 1990–92, capital inf...