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Benchmark Priors Revisited

Benchmark Priors Revisited »

Source: Benchmark Priors Revisited : On Adaptive Shrinkage and the Supermodel Effect in Bayesian Model Averaging

Volume/Issue: 2009/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Feldkircher , and Stefan Zeugner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451873498

Keywords: Bayesian model averaging, hyper-g prior, shrinkage factor, Zellner&;amp;#x2019;s g prior, model uncertainty, growth econometrics, noise, probabilities, statistics, bayes factor

Default prior choices fixing Zellner's g are predominant in the Bayesian Model Averaging literature, but tend to concentrate posterior mass on a tiny set of models. The paper demonstrates this supermodel effect and...

Valuation and Treatment of Depletable Resources in the National Accounts

Valuation and Treatment of Depletable Resources in the National Accounts »

Source: Valuation and Treatment of Depletable Resources in the National Accounts

Volume/Issue: 1991/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Levin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1991

ISBN: 9781451958560

Keywords: natural resources, natural resource, oil and gas, probable reserves, gas reserves

To assess the feasibility of the national accounts treating as assets depletable resources extracted for sale, the paper examines three issues: 1. whether treating natural resources as assets when they are used req...

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter?

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter? »

Source: Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2011/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Weber , and Anna Ivanova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463902315

Keywords: coordinated fiscal exit, fiscal changes, fiscal consolidation, fiscal measure, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, And General Outlook, general Aggregative Models,

The paper assesses the impact of fiscal spillovers on growth in the context of a coordinated exit from crisis management policies. We find that despite potentially sizeable domestic effects from consolidation, aggr...

Structural Reforms, IMF Programs and Capacity Building

Structural Reforms, IMF Programs and Capacity Building »

Source: Structural Reforms, IMF Programs and Capacity Building : An Empirical Investigation

Volume/Issue: 2012/232

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Marc Quintyn , and Frederik Toscani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510706

Keywords: Structural Reform, IMF Program, Capacity Building, technical assistance, regulation, capacity building activities, bureaucratic quality, General, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper investigates the role that International Monetary Fund (IMF) programs and capacity building play in fostering structural reforms. To do so, we exploit two novel datasets on IMF capacity building and stru...

Summary of WP/92/66

Summary of WP/92/66 »

Source: Working Paper Summaries (WP/92/49 - WP/92/112)

Volume/Issue: 1993/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

ISBN: 9781451841961

Keywords: environmental externalities, paper, environmental effects, environment

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region »

Source: Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Volume/Issue: 2004/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451856071

Keywords: Multinational firms, MENA countries, fdi, investment risk, direct investment

This paper demonstrates that instability associated with investment risk is critical in explaining the level of foreign direct investment for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, which generally have...

What Explains Private Saving in Mexico?1

What Explains Private Saving in Mexico?1 »

Source: What Explains Private Saving in Mexico?

Volume/Issue: 2006/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Swiston , and Ales Bulir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2006

ISBN: 9781451864519

Keywords: private saving, Ricardian equivalence, dependency ratio, pension, domestic saving,

This paper examines the factors influencing Mexico's private saving rate. Cross-country analysis finds that Mexico's private saving is somewhat higher than could be explained by its fundamentals, but lower than in...

Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse? »

Source: Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Volume/Issue: 2006/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atsushi Iimi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451863987

Keywords: natural resource, natural resource abundance, natural resource management, middle-income countries, Estimation, Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development,

Botswana is typical of the countries that are endowed with abundant natural resources. Although it is commonly accepted that resource-rich economies tend to fail in accelerating growth, Botswana has experienced the...

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

Yugoslav Inflation and Money

Yugoslav Inflation and Money »

Source: Yugoslav Inflation and Money

Volume/Issue: 1991/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashok Lahiri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451971064

Keywords: foreign currency, monetary policy, money supply, Yugoslavia, Federal Republic Of,

Yugoslav inflation unfolded as a classic wage-price-exchange rate spiral through the 1970s and 1980s and exploded into hyperinflation in the last quarter of 1989. This paper examines the process of monetary accommo...