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How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution

How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution »

Source: How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution : The Cross-Country Evidence

Volume/Issue: 1997/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Sarel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

ISBN: 9781451922714

Keywords: income distribution, macroeconomic factors, terms of trade, external position, income distribution data, distribution of income

This study develops a cross-section empirical framework to examine the relationship between the macroeconomic environment and trends in income distribution. The macroeconomic variables that are found to be associat...

Biographical Sketches

Biographical Sketches »

Source: Fiscal Policy, Stabilization, and Growth in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750341

Keywords: inflation, trade taxes, fiscal policy, fiscal deficit, tax revenue

Gloria Bartoli, an Italian, is an Economist in the Special Fiscal Studies Division of the Fund’s Fiscal Affairs Department. She graduated from the University of Turin and became Assistant Profes...

9 Lags in Tax Collection and the Case for Inflationary Finance: Theory with Simulations

9 Lags in Tax Collection and the Case for Inflationary Finance: Theory with Simulations »

Source: Fiscal Policy, Stabilization, and Growth in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750341

Keywords: inflation, trade taxes, fiscal policy, fiscal deficit, tax revenue

Vito Tanzi* I. Introduction It has often been argued that many developing countries, in their pursuit of growth through ca...

9 Panel Discussion

9 Panel Discussion »

Source: Africa : Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 1999

ISBN: 9781557758293

Keywords: banking, expenditure, trade liberalization, civil service, banking system

Tomáz Salomão In the past, for most of the countries in Africa, globalization was something we read about, not something that we participated in. Historically, the integration of fir...

III Recent Developments in Private Market Financing

III Recent Developments in Private Market Financing »

Source: Private Market Financing for Developing Countries

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755261

Keywords: debt, interest, bonds, bond, payments

Developing countries experienced a dramatic increase in capital inflows during the 1990s, following a slowdown in economic activity in the industrial countries and a decline in interest rates, particularly i...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: Private Market Financing for Developing Countries

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755261

Keywords: debt, interest, bonds, bond, payments

Table A1. Chronology of Bank Debt Restructurings and Bank Financial Packages...

Infant and child mortality

Infant and child mortality »

Source: A Better World for All

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451976007

Keywords: maternal mortality, reproductive health, girls, reproductive health services, maternal deaths, International Development Strategy

Goal: Reduce infant and child mortality rates by two-thirds by 2015 11 million children under the age of 5 died in 1998, most from preventable causes Inf...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Definition and Measurement Energy subsidies comprise both consumer and producer subsidies. Consumer subsidies arise when the prices paid by consumers, including both firms (intermedi...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: A Better World for All

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451976007

Keywords: maternal mortality, reproductive health, girls, reproductive health services, maternal deaths, International Development Strategy

This paper focuses on goal setting for development of the world. The paper highlights that the goals come from the agreements and resolutions of the world conferences organized by the United Nations in the first ha...