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3 The Privatization of Public Enterprises

3 The Privatization of Public Enterprises »

Source: Privatization and Structural Adjustment in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, December 5-7, 1988

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750426

Keywords: public enterprises, joint ventures, public enterprise, public sector

The objectives of this paper are to review the importance and performance, in both financial and efficiency terms, of public enterprises in developing countries;...

2 Liberalization and Privatization: An Overview

2 Liberalization and Privatization: An Overview »

Source: Privatization and Structural Adjustment in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, December 5-7, 1988

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750426

Keywords: public enterprises, joint ventures, public enterprise, public sector

In this paper my main purpose is to examine the principles, practices, and record of the deregulation and privatization movements of the 1980s. No such survey could be comprehensive without straining the rea...

XVIII. The Distributional Impact of Public Expenditure

XVIII. The Distributional Impact of Public Expenditure »

Source: Public Expenditure Handbook : A Guide to Public Policy Issues in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557752222

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, military, health care, fiscal policy

What data are needed to determine the incidence of fiscal policy? Are such data likely to be available in developing countries?...

CHAPTER 7 Primary Commodity Price Series: Lessons for Policymakers in Resource-Rich Countries

CHAPTER 7 Primary Commodity Price Series: Lessons for Policymakers in Resource-Rich Countries »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION This chapter investigates the challenges faced by policymakers when conducting a fiscal policy in resource-rich countries. These challenges become more acute in resource...

6 Revenue from the Oil and Gas Sector: Issues and Country Experience

6 Revenue from the Oil and Gas Sector: Issues and Country Experience »

Source: Fiscal Policy Formulation and Implementation in Oil-Producing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Jeffrey Davis , Annalisa Fedelino , and Rolando Ossowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589061750

Keywords: oil prices, fiscal policy, oil revenues, oil and gas, taxation

I. Introduction Oil and gas extraction plays a dominant role as a source of export earnings and, to a lesser extent, employment in many developing countries. But the...

Fund Support of Member Countries

Fund Support of Member Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

During 1995/96 the Fund approved commitments under new stand-by arrangements for 19 countries (along with augmentation of access under existing arrangements for 2 other countries), extended arrangements for...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies

Chapter 2. Defining and Measuring Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Definition and Measurement Energy subsidies comprise both consumer and producer subsidies. Consumer subsidies arise when the prices paid by consumers, including both firms (intermedi...

Appendice VII. Administrateurs et nombre de voix au 30 avril 1999

Appendice VII. Administrateurs et nombre de voix au 30 avril 1999 »

Source: Rapport Annuel 1999

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1999

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451950021

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, external debt, debt relief, obligations, balance of payments, liabilities, general resources account

Administrateurs Administrateurs suppléants Votant au nom de Nombre de voix par pays...

Appendix VII. Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1996

Appendix VII. Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1996 »

Source: Jahresbericht 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 1996

Language: German

ISBN: 9781557755971

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments, current account balance, current account deficit, external debt, repurchases, general resources account

DirectorAlternate CastingVotes of Votes byCountry Total Votes...