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V Trade Policies of Developing Countries

V Trade Policies of Developing Countries »

Source: 1992 World Economic and Financial Surveys : Issues & Development in intl. Trade

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451939545

Since the mid-1980s, there has been a marked shift in the orientation of the trade and industrial policies of most developing countries 90 away from a heavy reliance on direct int...

II Convertibility of Currencies for Current International Payments and Transfers

II Convertibility of Currencies for Current International Payments and Transfers »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

Developments in the convertibility of members’ currencies for current payments and transfers over the period 1993–97 have clearly been toward more liberal exchange systems for payments and transfers for curr...

VIII Recent Technical Assistance on Exchange Systems, 1994–97

VIII Recent Technical Assistance on Exchange Systems, 1994–97 »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

This section reviews the IMF’s recent technical assistance on exchange systems and the main elements emphasized during such assistance. Main Focus of Recent Technical Assistance...

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

The IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indices based on relative unit labor costs in manufacturing, which are currently calculated for 21 industrial countries, have for some time...

II Trade Reforms in Fund-Supported Programs

II Trade Reforms in Fund-Supported Programs »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Trade reforms are being increasingly featured in the design of adjustment programs supported by Fund resources. This paper reviews the trade policy content of Fund-supported programs approved in the period 1...

IV Developments in Exchange Rate Arrangements and Markets

IV Developments in Exchange Rate Arrangements and Markets »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

According to the IMF’s official classification of exchange arrangements, there has been a gradual move away from pegged regimes into more flexible arrangements. This classification scheme has, however, a num...

Stastical Appendix

Stastical Appendix »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

Table A1. Restrictions Maintained by Countries with Article XIV Status, 1997 1...

I Economic Implications of the Uruguay Round

I Economic Implications of the Uruguay Round »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

The Final Act of the Uruguay Round was signed in Marrakesh in April 1994, bringing to a conclusion the eighth and most ambitious set of multilateral trade negotiations. One hundred and twenty-five countries...

VI International Labor Standards and International Trade

VI International Labor Standards and International Trade »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

The WTO [World Trade Organization] should, in cooperation with the International Labour Organization, examine in greater detail the important nexus between trade and...

III Recent Developments in Private Market Financing

III Recent Developments in Private Market Financing »

Source: Private Market Financing for Developing Countries

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755261

Keywords: debt, interest, bonds, bond, payments

Developing countries experienced a dramatic increase in capital inflows during the 1990s, following a slowdown in economic activity in the industrial countries and a decline in interest rates, particularly i...