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Taxation in Latin America

Taxation in Latin America »

Source: Taxation in Latin America : Structural Trends and Impact of Administration

Volume/Issue: 1999/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1999

ISBN: 9781451843729

Keywords: Latin America, taxation trends, tax administration, tax structure, taxation, personal income tax

From the mid-1980s to early 1990s, Latin American tax policy provided rich lessons for other reforming countries. Meaningful innovations led also to perceptible revenue gains. Later in the 1990s, tax policies began...

Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks

Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks »

Source: Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks : How and Why Do Countries Differ?

Volume/Issue: 2012/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , and Yulia Ustyugova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510249

Keywords: pass-through, Phillips curve, central bank, inflationary impact, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance

This paper relates the inflationary impact of commodity price shocks across countries to a broad range of structural characteristics and policy frameworks over the period 2001-2010, using several approaches. The an...

VI An Assessment of Chile’s External Position

VI An Assessment of Chile’s External Position »

Source: Chile : Institutions and Policies Underpinning Stability and Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eliot Kalter , Steven Phillips , Manmohan Singh , Mauricio Villafuerte , Rodolfo Luzio , and Marco Espinosa-Vega

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2004

ISBN: 9781589063259

Keywords: Economic growth, central bank, inflation, capital markets, banking, external debt

This section reviews Chile’s external position, integrating information on the country’s international investment position and the structure of external debt. 1 ’ 2...

Chapter 5. How Should Emerging Market and Low-Income Country Central Banks Respond to Commodity Price Shocks?

Chapter 5. How Should Emerging Market and Low-Income Country Central Banks Respond to Commodity Price Shocks? »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction Over the last two decades, inflation targeting (IT)—in either an explicit or an implicit form—has become the monetary policy framework of choice for most advanced econom...

Chapter 9 Sovereign Wealth Funds and Recipient-Country Investment Policies: OECD Perspectives

Chapter 9 Sovereign Wealth Funds and Recipient-Country Investment Policies: OECD Perspectives »

Source: Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds

Series: Books

Author(s): Udaibir Das , Adnan Mazarei , and Han Hoorn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2010

ISBN: 9781589069275

Keywords: investors, bonds, investment strategies, principals, financial markets

Sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) have much to offer. They can contribute to the economic development of their home countries by, for example, helping to diversify income sources for commodity-dependent economie...

Chapter 3 Sovereign Wealth Funds: New Economic Realities and the Political Responses

Chapter 3 Sovereign Wealth Funds: New Economic Realities and the Political Responses »

Source: Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds

Series: Books

Author(s): Udaibir Das , Adnan Mazarei , and Han Hoorn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2010

ISBN: 9781589069275

Keywords: investors, bonds, investment strategies, principals, financial markets

Sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) are on their way to a new normal. Having operated for many decades in quiet niches of global financial markets, SWFs became the subject of considerable political controversy in...

10 Too Large and Too Small Governments

10 Too Large and Too Small Governments »

Source: Economic Policy and Equity

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557757883

Keywords: income distribution, transition economies, income inequality, distribution of income, wage

Introduction In today’s world, government intervention in the economy is broad and multifaceted. One of government’s important roles is to provide social safety nets and avoid excess...

Financial Sector Reform and Monetary Instruments and Operations

Financial Sector Reform and Monetary Instruments and Operations »

Source: Sequencing Financial Sector Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557757791

Keywords: financial sector, banking, central bank, foreign exchange, financial institutions

Reorienting monetary control to rely increasingly on market-based instruments is not only desirable but also inevitable when countries begin to reform their financial systems. Such...

Chapter 7. Fiscal Policy for Commodity-Exporting Countries: Chile’s Experience

Chapter 7. Fiscal Policy for Commodity-Exporting Countries: Chile’s Experience »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction Chile, a small economy strongly integrated into world markets, is an important producer and exporter of commodities. Copper dominates its market: Chile has a one-third s...

Appendix III. Glossary of External Debt Terms

Appendix III. Glossary of External Debt Terms »

Source: External Debt Statistics : Guide for Compilers and Users

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2003

ISBN: 9781589060609

Keywords: debt, external debt, interest, payments, liabilities

A Accrual of Interest Costs Continuous recording of interest costs, so matching the cost of capital with the provision of capital....