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Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region »

Source: Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Volume/Issue: 2004/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451856071

Keywords: Multinational firms, MENA countries, fdi, investment risk, direct investment

This paper demonstrates that instability associated with investment risk is critical in explaining the level of foreign direct investment for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, which generally have...

Public Policy and the Enviroment

Public Policy and the Enviroment »

Source: Public Policy and the Enviroment : Survey of the Literature

Volume/Issue: 1990/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1990

ISBN: 9781451968057

Keywords: environmental degradation, pollution, environment, environmental protection, environmental problems

This paper notes that market failure, policy failures, and population pressures are major sources of environmental degradation and that linkages between economic activities and the environment exist at the levels o...

Taxes and Tradable Permits As Instruments for Controlling Pollution

Taxes and Tradable Permits As Instruments for Controlling Pollution »

Source: Taxes and Tradable Permits As Instruments for Controlling Pollution : Theory and Practice

Volume/Issue: 2000/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Norregaard , and Valerie Reppelin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842999

Keywords: Environmental taxes, tradable permits, emission, pollution, emission tax, emission taxes

This paper examines the relative merits of two dominant economic instruments for reducing pollution—”green” taxes and tradable permits. Theoretically, the two instruments share many similaritie...

Three Cycles

Three Cycles »

Source: Three Cycles : Housing, Credit, and Real Activity

Volume/Issue: 2009/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , Alain Kabundi , Deniz Igan , Francisco Nadal De Simone , and Marcelo Pinheiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

ISBN: 9781451873788

Keywords: Macro-financial linkages, house prices, business cycle, lead, spillovers,

We examine the characteristics and comovement of cycles in house prices, credit, real activity and interest rates in advanced economies during the past 25 years, using a dynamic generalized factor model. House pric...

Euro-Area Banking At the Crossroads

Euro-Area Banking At the Crossroads »

Source: Euro-Area Banking At the Crossroads

Volume/Issue: 2001/28

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Joaquim Levy , Laura Kodres , and Angel Ubide

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451844665

Keywords: Banking mergers, too big too fail, banking, banking system, banking sector, financial stability, financial institutions, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper analyses the process of disintermediation, the progress in consolidation, the impact of new technologies, and the role of ownership and control structures for the euro area banking sector. The impact of...

Tax Policy and the Environment

Tax Policy and the Environment »

Source: Tax Policy and the Environment : Theory and Practice

Volume/Issue: 1994/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Nellor , and Ronald McMorran

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

ISBN: 9781451947083

Keywords: environment, pollution, environmental damage, gas, coal

This paper provides a framework for examining environment taxes. It reviews the theoretical efficiency of three types of environment taxes: taxes on emissions or Pigouvian taxes; taxes on productive inputs or consu...

Spillovers of Domestic Shocks

Spillovers of Domestic Shocks »

Source: Spillovers of Domestic Shocks : Will They Counteract the 'Great Moderation'?

Volume/Issue: 2010/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Alina Carare

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982213

Keywords: Output growth volatility, vertical specialization, output growth, domestic shocks, global trade,

Even prior to the extreme volatility just observed, output growth volatility-following protracted decline-was flattening or mildly rising in some countries. More widespread was an increasing tendency from the mid-1...

Tax Policy

Tax Policy »

Source: Tax Policy : Recent Trends and Coming Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2007/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tehmina S. Khan , and John Norregaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868371

Keywords: Tax reform, personal income tax, corporate income tax, value-added tax, tax wedge, green taxes, taxation, tax revenues, tax rates, tax systems,

This paper provides an overview of the key economic factors that shape tax policy reform in many high-income countries, developing countries, and/or transition economies. The paper describes and evaluates global an...

The U.S. Oil Supply Revolution and the Global Economy1

The U.S. Oil Supply Revolution and the Global Economy1 »

Source: The U.S. Oil Supply Revolution and the Global Economy

Volume/Issue: 2015/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kamiar Mohaddes , and Mehdi Raissi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 December 2015

ISBN: 9781513509846

Keywords: Tight oil, shale oil, fracking revolution, oil price decline, oil supply, global macroeconometric modeling, international business cycle, oil, prices, oil prices

This paper investigates the global macroeconomic consequences of falling oil prices due to the oil revolution in the United States, using a Global VAR model estimated for 38 countries/regions over the period 1979Q2...

What Would a Development-Friendly WTO Architecture Really Look Like?

What Would a Development-Friendly WTO Architecture Really Look Like? »

Source: What Would a Development-Friendly WTO Architecture Really Look Like?

Volume/Issue: 2003/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , and Aaditya Mattoo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 August 2003

ISBN: 9781451857177

Keywords: WTO, architecture, national treatment, trade in services, border trade, market access, cross-border trade, International Factor Movements and International Business,

This paper elaborates on a number of key principles that need to underpin a coherent and development-friendly architecture for the WTO. The key principles include enlarging the scope of WTO bargaining to include la...