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25 Bulgaria

25 Bulgaria »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Bulgaria’s prereform economy, roughly before 1991, was a highly centralized state, similar to most countries of the former Soviet Union. With the radical liberalization and stabilization program adopted in F...

Western Europe in Transition
			: Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451954500.071

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

This paper examines the impact of the opening up of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union on Western Europe. The analysis suggests that given reasonable (yet necessarily imprecise) assumptions on the likely de...

Russia Rebounds

Russia Rebounds »

Series: Books

Author(s): David Robinson , and David Owen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062078.071

ISBN: 9781589062078

Keywords: banking, banking system, tax administration, expenditure, bonds

Russia Rebounds analyzes Russia's dramatic economic recovery since the country's 1998 financial crisis, emphasizing macroeconomic issues and fiscal and banking sector reforms. The crisis was a massive shock to the...

Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance »

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061163.071

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

This volume presents 18 recent IMF research studies on the causes and consequences of corruption, as well as how it can most effectively be combated to improve governance, increase economic growth, and reduce pover...

Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756633.071

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Over the past few decades, a clear trend has emerged worldwide toward the devolution of spending and, to a lesser extent, revenue-raising responsibilities to state and local levels of government. One view is that t...

V. Capital Flows in Europe: The Effect of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe

V. Capital Flows in Europe: The Effect of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe »

Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

1. Introduction In sharp contrast to the last decade, capital has been flowing in abundance from industrial to developing countries since the early 1990s. During 1990–92, capital inf...

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Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

The paper by Guillermo Calvo, Ratna Sahay, and Carlos Végh addresses an issue of keen policy relevance whose ramifications go well beyond the geographic boundaries of the region on which this seminar is focu...

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Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

It is important not only to recognize that there are no clear-cut, systematic results from the current research on the effects of expanded trade but also to follow through the close reasoning as to why it is...

VI. Panel Discussion

VI. Panel Discussion »

Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

1. Andràs Inotai, Institute of World Economics, Budapest I would like to summarize my remarks in seven points, which I hope will provoke an interesting discussion. First,...

III. Sectoral and Employment Effects of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe

III. Sectoral and Employment Effects of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe »

Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

Introduction “Policy makers will face great pressure to subsidize, or failing that, to protect the manufacturing sectors under threat. It would be a critical mistake to yield to this...