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25 Bulgaria

25 Bulgaria »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Bulgaria’s prereform economy, roughly before 1991, was a highly centralized state, similar to most countries of the former Soviet Union. With the radical liberalization and stabilization program adopted in F...

Western Europe in Transition
			: Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451954500.071

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

This paper examines the impact of the opening up of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union on Western Europe. The analysis suggests that given reasonable (yet necessarily imprecise) assumptions on the likely de...

IMF-Supported Programs
			: Recent Staff Research

IMF-Supported Programs : Recent Staff Research »

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Alessandro Rebucci , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063617.072

ISBN: 9781589063617

Keywords: International Monetary Fund, current account, capital flows, private capital, private capital flows, conditionality

Research work by the IMF's staff on the effectiveness of the country programs the organization supports, which has long been carried out, has intensified in recent years. IMF analysts have sought to 'open up the bl...

Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice »

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756633.071

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Over the past few decades, a clear trend has emerged worldwide toward the devolution of spending and, to a lesser extent, revenue-raising responsibilities to state and local levels of government. One view is that t...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2010

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2010 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350024.044

ISBN: 9781616350024

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, direct investment, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

V. Capital Flows in Europe: The Effect of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe

V. Capital Flows in Europe: The Effect of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe »

Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

1. Introduction In sharp contrast to the last decade, capital has been flowing in abundance from industrial to developing countries since the early 1990s. During 1990–92, capital inf...

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Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

The paper by Guillermo Calvo, Ratna Sahay, and Carlos Végh addresses an issue of keen policy relevance whose ramifications go well beyond the geographic boundaries of the region on which this seminar is focu...

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Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

It is important not only to recognize that there are no clear-cut, systematic results from the current research on the effects of expanded trade but also to follow through the close reasoning as to why it is...

VI. Panel Discussion

VI. Panel Discussion »

Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

1. Andràs Inotai, Institute of World Economics, Budapest I would like to summarize my remarks in seven points, which I hope will provoke an interesting discussion. First,...

III. Sectoral and Employment Effects of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe

III. Sectoral and Employment Effects of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe »

Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

Introduction “Policy makers will face great pressure to subsidize, or failing that, to protect the manufacturing sectors under threat. It would be a critical mistake to yield to this...