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Poland

Poland »

Source: Poland : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1997/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 1997

ISBN: 9781451831795

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, national bank, domestic demand, balance of payments

This paper reviews economic developments in Poland during 1995-96. The focus is on macroeconomic developments in the real, fiscal, monetary, and external sectors, respectively, while structural policies are also re...

Russia

Russia »

Source: Russia : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1999/100

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451832976

Keywords: credit, payments, prices, capital markets, eurobonds

This paper reviews economic developments in the Russian Federation during 1990-98. Output fell precipitously in 1992-94 in response to the withdrawal of subsidies and the disruption in traditional economic relation...

9. Panel Discussion

9. Panel Discussion »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

Constantine Michalopoulos I would like to thank the Austrian National Bank and the IMF for organizing this seminar and for the opportunity to make a few remarks on the role of the Wo...

3 IMF-Supported Adjustment Programs in Central and Eastern Europe

3 IMF-Supported Adjustment Programs in Central and Eastern Europe »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I. Introduction This paper explores the relationship between stabilization, economic growth, and systemic reform in Central and Eastern Europe. It draws on the experienc...

5. Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies: Credit Markets and Sustainable Growth

5. Transformation of Centrally Planned Economies: Credit Markets and Sustainable Growth »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I. Introduction The transformation of centrally planned economies (CPEs) into well-functioning market economies is likely to be lengthy and complex. During the transitio...

4 The Transformation of a Socialist Economy: Lessons of German Unification

4 The Transformation of a Socialist Economy: Lessons of German Unification »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I. Economic Transformation: The Principal Tasks Last year’s euphoria about democratization and economic liberalization in Central and Eastern Europe has largely vanished...

6 Savings, Investment, and Growth in Eastern Europe

6 Savings, Investment, and Growth in Eastern Europe »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I. Introduction The achievement of high and sustainable rates of economic growth is one of the primary objectives of the reform process currently under way in Eastern Eu...

7. Wages and Employment in the Transition to a Market Economy

7. Wages and Employment in the Transition to a Market Economy »

Source: Central and Eastern Europe : Roads to Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Georg Winckler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

ISBN: 9781557751997

Keywords: wage, wages, employment, debt, privatization

I. Introduction The scale of the reform agenda in the erstwhile socialist economies and the complementary nature of policy changes make the ordering of reforms peculiarl...

8 Equity Issues in Policymaking in Transition Economies

8 Equity Issues in Policymaking in Transition Economies »

Source: Economic Policy and Equity

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557757883

Keywords: income distribution, transition economies, income inequality, distribution of income, wage

Introduction The biggest challenge an economist can face is not answering a difficult theoretical question but introducing reforms and making the day-to-day policy decisions that wil...

7 External Sector Liberalization and the Appropriate Economic Policy Mix

7 External Sector Liberalization and the Appropriate Economic Policy Mix »

Source: Coordinating Stabilization and Structural Reform : Proceedings of the Seminar Coordination of Structural Reform and Macroeconomic Stabilization, Washington, D.C., June 17-26, 1993

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1994

ISBN: 9781557754301

Keywords: interest, exchange rate, inflation, prices, restructuring

Anne O. Krueger The Need for an Outward Orientation The first point to be made in talking about structural adjustment, stabilization, and growth in al...