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Source: IMF Survey, Volume 32, Issue 05

Volume/Issue: 32/5

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2003

ISBN: 9781451935233

Keywords: oil prices, oil sector, exchange rate, fiscal policy, real exchange

Russia’s unexpectedly strong recovery since its 1998 crisis has left people wondering whether it is just a temporary result of higher oil prices and the postcrisis depreciation of the ruble or a sign ofdurab...

Chapter III.4 The Exchange and Trade Systems

Chapter III.4 The Exchange and Trade Systems »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION AND OUTLOOK 1 The exchange and trade system has continued to be largely shaped by central planning. Most trade and capi...

Chapter II.3 The New Reform Effort

Chapter II.3 The New Reform Effort »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. THE REFORM DEBATE The deterioration of Soviet economic performance during the late 1980s, continuing at an accelerating rate into 1990, pointed clearly to the inadequacies of the...

Chapter V.2 Distribution

Chapter V.2 Distribution »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

With the progressive dismantling of central planning and growing macro-economic imbalances, the distribution system has become one of the focal points of reform of the Soviet economy. The problems of the dis...

Chapter V.6 Energy

Chapter V.6 Energy »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION The USSR is well endowed with energy resources; according to Western estimates proven Soviet energy reserves include 58 billion barrels of crude oil, 52 trillion cubi...

Chapter IV.4 Foreign Direct Investment

Chapter IV.4 Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION Few, if any, countries offer as potentially attractive opportunities for large-scale foreign direct investment as the USSR: a vast internal market; a critical need fo...

Chapter V.1 Environment

Chapter V.1 Environment »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. THE CURRENT SITUATION The magnitude of environmental problems in the USSR cannot be estimated with precision: the information is partial and in some cases it has been distorted be...

Chapter V.7 Metals and Mining

Chapter V.7 Metals and Mining »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. THE ORGANIZATION AND STRUCTURE OF THE METAL MINING INDUSTRY The metal mining and smelting operations of the USSR are found at widely scattered and often very remote locations thro...

Chapter II.2 Economic Developments And Reform Since 1985

Chapter II.2 Economic Developments And Reform Since 1985 »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

Numerous steps had been taken by the authorities in the early 1980s to raise productivity, including measures to strengthen labor discipline, tighten surveillance of output quality, improve enterprise reward...

Chapter IV.6 Labor Market, Social Safety Net, Education and Training

Chapter IV.6 Labor Market, Social Safety Net, Education and Training »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION The transition to a market economy in the USSR will involve significant adjustments and social costs, and will require putting in place effective labor market and soc...