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25 Bulgaria

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Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Bulgaria’s prereform economy, roughly before 1991, was a highly centralized state, similar to most countries of the former Soviet Union. With the radical liberalization and stabilization program adopted in F...

Discussion

Discussion »

Source: Banking Soundness and Monetary Policy

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756459

Keywords: loans, interest, banking system, banking sector

Mr. Škreb wondered whether it would be possible to set uniform standards for bank soundness across countries, given widely differing economic environments. Mr. Kovacs asked about the interlinks...

V. Capital Flows in Europe: The Effect of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe

V. Capital Flows in Europe: The Effect of the Opening Up of Eastern Europe »

Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

1. Introduction In sharp contrast to the last decade, capital has been flowing in abundance from industrial to developing countries since the early 1990s. During 1990–92, capital inf...

Discussion

Discussion »

Source: Banking Soundness and Monetary Policy

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756459

Keywords: loans, interest, banking system, banking sector

Mr. Iltchev noted that in Bulgaria, in a number of cases, the initial capital for formation of new private banks was raised through credits advanced by large state banks to entrepreneurs. This p...

Comment

Comment »

Source: Banking Soundness and Monetary Policy

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756459

Keywords: loans, interest, banking system, banking sector

Hanna Gronkiewicz-Waltz’s paper provides a comprehensive review of changes that have taken place in Poland, so I will attempt to complement her remarks by bringing in some of the broader issues affecting the...

Discussion

Discussion »

Source: Banking Soundness and Monetary Policy

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756459

Keywords: loans, interest, banking system, banking sector

Mr. Khandruyev inquired about the future of specialized banks, as opposed to universal banks. Mr. George said that their future would be decided by the marketplace. The implication for bank regu...

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...

APPENDIX VII Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 2001

APPENDIX VII Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 2001 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

Director Alternate Casting Votes of Votes byCount...

APPENDIX VIII Changes in Membership of the Executive Board

APPENDIX VIII Changes in Membership of the Executive Board »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

Changes in membership of the Executive Board between May 1, 2000, and April 30, 2001, were as follows: Agustin Carstens completed his term of service as Executive Director for Costa Rica, El Salvado...

Comments

Comments »

Source: Western Europe in Transition : Impact of Opening Up Eastern Europe

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451954500

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, capital markets, free trade, capital outflows

The paper by Guillermo Calvo, Ratna Sahay, and Carlos Végh addresses an issue of keen policy relevance whose ramifications go well beyond the geographic boundaries of the region on which this seminar is focu...