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IV Trade Liberalization in Eastern European Countries

IV Trade Liberalization in Eastern European Countries »

Source: 1992 World Economic and Financial Surveys : Issues & Development in intl. Trade

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451939545

In the past few years. Eastern European countries have initiated and in some cases accelerated comprehensive reform programs designed to transform their economic systems rapidly into market-based economies....

I. Overview and Current Issues

I. Overview and Current Issues »

Source: 1992 World Economic and Financial Surveys : Private Market Financing for Developing Countries 1992

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451940053

This report reviews recent developments in private market financing for developing countries. 1 The last year has witnessed rapid change, as several major debtors have reached agr...

II. Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring

II. Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring »

Source: 1992 World Economic and Financial Surveys : Private Market Financing for Developing Countries 1992

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451940053

A number of countries, notably Argentina and Brazil, have made substantial progress toward restructuring commercial bank debt during the past year. In contrast, the use of debt conversions has continued to d...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: 1992 World Economic and Financial Surveys : Private Market Financing for Developing Countries 1992

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451940053

Table A1. Amounts of Medium- and Long-Term Bank Debt Restructured, 1985–September 1992 1 (In millions of U....

III: Recent Developments in Private Market Financing

III: Recent Developments in Private Market Financing »

Source: 1992 World Economic and Financial Surveys : Private Market Financing for Developing Countries 1992

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451940053

During 1991 and the first half of 1992, access of developing countries to international bond and equity markets increased considerably. Conversely, syndicated bank lending to developing countries continued t...

II New Official Financing Flows to Developing Countries

II New Official Financing Flows to Developing Countries »

Source: Official Financing for Developing Countries 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 1998

ISBN: 9781557757029

Keywords: debt, creditors, interest, external debt, debt service

Official bilateral financing remains an important source of finance for developing countries, particularly countries with limited access to international capital markets. Analysis of the flows must take into...

V Debt Restructuring by Official Bilateral Creditors

V Debt Restructuring by Official Bilateral Creditors »

Source: Official Financing for Developing Countries 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 1998

ISBN: 9781557757029

Keywords: debt, creditors, interest, external debt, debt service

Paris Club Reschedulings, August 1995–September 1997 Since August 1995, Paris Club creditors have concluded 23 rescheduling agreements, involving debt-service obligations and arrears...

II Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring

II Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring »

Source: Private Market Financing for Developing Countries

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755261

Keywords: debt, interest, bonds, bond, payments

Considerable additional progress was made in 1994 and the first half of 1995 in resolving the commercial bank debt problems of developing countries (see the Statistical Appendix, Tables A2 and A3). Debt- and...

VIII Prices in the Transition: Ten Stylized Facts

VIII Prices in the Transition: Ten Stylized Facts »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

For several decades, most prices in the centrally planned economies were set administratively, with little regard for cost or demand. Exceptions included farmers’ markets, where var...

IV Developments in Exchange Rate Arrangements and Markets

IV Developments in Exchange Rate Arrangements and Markets »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

According to the IMF’s official classification of exchange arrangements, there has been a gradual move away from pegged regimes into more flexible arrangements. This classification scheme has, however, a num...