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Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe

Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe »

Source: Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation.

Volume/Issue: 2012/34

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463939076

Keywords: current account, central bank, foreign currency, debt relief, commercial banks, Sao Tome and Principe,

São Tomé & Príncipe remains at high risk of debt distress, although it has received substantial debt relief. The increases in world food and fuel prices have rekindled domestic inflation pressures. Inflation has de...

9 Economy-Wide Policies and the Environment: Developing Countries

9 Economy-Wide Policies and the Environment: Developing Countries »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

During the 1980s, economic crises in many developing countries resulted in economic hardship, characterized by severe internal and external imbalances. Stabilization and adjustment...

1 Macroeconomics and the Environment: Summary and Conclusions

1 Macroeconomics and the Environment: Summary and Conclusions »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Two themes dominated the discussions at the seminar. How do macroeconomic policies and the environment interact? How important is it that the Fund staff become aware of this interac...

10 Government Spending, the Real Interest Rate, and Liquidity-Constrained Consumers’ Behavior in Developing Countries

10 Government Spending, the Real Interest Rate, and Liquidity-Constrained Consumers’ Behavior in Developing Countries »

Source: Fiscal Policy, Stabilization, and Growth in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750341

Keywords: inflation, trade taxes, fiscal policy, fiscal deficit, tax revenue

Nicola Rossi* I. Introduction The importance of the mobilization of domestic savings in developing countries can hardly be...

5 How the Environment Affects the Macroeconomy

5 How the Environment Affects the Macroeconomy »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

Standard texts in economic development have little or nothing to say about the natural or non-built environment. A well-known review of the state of development economics, for examp...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Managing the Oil Revenue Boom : The Role of Fiscal Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Rolando Ossowski , Theo Thomas , and Paulo Medas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067189

Keywords: Financial institutions, Oil revenues, oil-producing countries, fiscal policy, oil prices, fiscal rules

Oil-producing countries have benefited from rising oil prices in recent years, with important implications for their external and fiscal balances. The average price of oil tripled from US$18 a barrel in 1999...

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...

7 Does Mother Nature Corrupt? Natural Resources, Corruption, and Economic Growth

7 Does Mother Nature Corrupt? Natural Resources, Corruption, and Economic Growth »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction The intensification of the public debate on governance, together with the increased emphasis on governance issues in policy deliberations, has stimulated considerable...

10 Central Bank Operations and Independence in a Monetary Union: BCEAO and BEAC

10 Central Bank Operations and Independence in a Monetary Union: BCEAO and BEAC »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

The Banque Centrale des Etats de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (BCEAO) and the Banque des Etats de l’Afrique Centrale (BEAC) are the central banks of two regional groupings of countries in W...

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction Large fiscal deficits have been a daunting problem for a number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa over the past several years. Rapid expansions in expenditure and de...