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Canada's Carbon Price Floor

Canada's Carbon Price Floor »

Source: Canada's Carbon Price Floor

Volume/Issue: 2018/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , and Victor Mylonas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484345191

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Canada, carbon price, price floor, welfare impacts, incidence, effective carbon price, competitiveness impacts, Environmental Economics: Government Policy

The pan-Canadian approach to carbon pricing, announced in October 2016, ensures that carbon pricing applies throughout Canada in 2018, with increasing stringency over time to reduce emissions. Canadian provinces an...

Canada's Carbon Price Floor

Canada's Carbon Price Floor »

Volume/Issue: 2018/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , and Victor Mylonas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484345191.001

ISBN: 9781484345191

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Canada, carbon price, price floor, welfare impacts, incidence, effective carbon price, competitiveness impacts, Environmental Economics: Government Policy

The pan-Canadian approach to carbon pricing, announced in October 2016, ensures that carbon pricing applies throughout Canada in 2018, with increasing stringency over time to reduce emissions. Canadian provinces an...

Spillovers Across NAFTA

Spillovers Across NAFTA »

Source: Spillovers Across NAFTA

Volume/Issue: 2008/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Andrew Swiston

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868654

Keywords: NAFTA, correlation, covariance, correlations,

This paper examines linkages across North America by estimating the size of spillovers from the major regions of the world-the United States, euro area, Japan, and the rest of the world-to Canada and Mexico, and de...

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region »

Source: Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Volume/Issue: 2004/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451856071

Keywords: Multinational firms, MENA countries, fdi, investment risk, direct investment

This paper demonstrates that instability associated with investment risk is critical in explaining the level of foreign direct investment for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, which generally have...

Some International Issues in Commodity Taxation

Some International Issues in Commodity Taxation »

Source: Some International Issues in Commodity Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2002/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451854732

Keywords: Cross-border shopping, taxation, tax competition, tax rates, tax policy, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

This paper reviews issues and evidence concerning tax-motivated, cross-border commodity transactions. A distinction is drawn between "arbitrage trades" (driven by cross-country differences in tax rates) and "tax no...

Fiscal Policy Management in an Open Capital Regime

Fiscal Policy Management in an Open Capital Regime »

Source: Fiscal Policy Management in an Open Capital Regime

Volume/Issue: 1997/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1997

ISBN: 9781451922158

Keywords: globalization, capital flows, capital inflows, fiscal position, fiscal stance

This paper argues that as countries open their capital regimes, the appropriate fiscal stance should become more conservative than when capital is immobile. Further fiscal adjustment may be necessary in the face of...

Why Inflation Targeting?

Why Inflation Targeting? »

Source: Why Inflation Targeting?

Volume/Issue: 2009/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charles Freedman , and Douglas Laxton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872330

Keywords: rate of inflation, central bank

This is the second chapter of a forthcoming monograph entitled "On Implementing Full-Fledged Inflation-Targeting Regimes: Saying What You Do and Doing What You Say." We begin by discussing the costs of inflation, i...

Summary of WP/92/111

Summary of WP/92/111 »

Source: Working Paper Summaries (WP/92/49 - WP/92/112)

Volume/Issue: 1993/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

ISBN: 9781451841961

Keywords: environmental externalities, paper, environmental effects, environment

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

A Quest for Revenue and Tax Incidence in Uganda

A Quest for Revenue and Tax Incidence in Uganda »

Source: A Quest for Revenue and Tax Incidence in Uganda

Volume/Issue: 2001/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Matovu , Duanjie Chen , and Ritva Reinikka-Soininen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2001

ISBN: 9781451844146

Keywords: Tax Incidence, tax rate, tax system, excise taxes, Taxation and Subsidies: Incidence, Business Taxes and Subsidies including sales and value-added (VAT),

This paper examines tax policy and tax reforms in Uganda. Using household survey evidence, the paper identifies which taxes are progressive and investigates whether tax reforms have made the poor better or worse of...

Copper and the Chilean Economy, 1960-98

Copper and the Chilean Economy, 1960-98 »

Source: Copper and the Chilean Economy, 1960-98

Volume/Issue: 1999/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1999

ISBN: 9781451847758

Keywords: copper prices, exchange rate, real exchange rate, copper, foreign investment

The paper concludes that world copper prices play an important role in short-term fluctuations and probably influence long-term growth of the Chilean economy. While many mechanisms may be at work, investment seems...