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Why Inflation Targeting?

Why Inflation Targeting? »

Source: Why Inflation Targeting?

Volume/Issue: 2009/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charles Freedman , and Douglas Laxton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872330

Keywords: rate of inflation, central bank

This is the second chapter of a forthcoming monograph entitled "On Implementing Full-Fledged Inflation-Targeting Regimes: Saying What You Do and Doing What You Say." We begin by discussing the costs of inflation, i...

Foreign Direct Investment and Structural Reforms

Foreign Direct Investment and Structural Reforms »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment and Structural Reforms : Evidence from Eastern Europe and Latin America

Volume/Issue: 2008/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuko Kinoshita , and Nauro Campos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868883

Keywords: fdi, financial sector, direct investment

This paper investigates the role of structural reforms -financial reforms, trade liberalization, and privatization- as determinants of FDI inflows based on newly constructed dataset on structural reforms for 19 Lat...

Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks

Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks »

Source: Inflation Responses to Commodity Price Shocks : How and Why Do Countries Differ?

Volume/Issue: 2012/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , and Yulia Ustyugova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510249

Keywords: pass-through, Phillips curve, central bank, inflationary impact, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance

This paper relates the inflationary impact of commodity price shocks across countries to a broad range of structural characteristics and policy frameworks over the period 2001-2010, using several approaches. The an...

Taxation in Latin America

Taxation in Latin America »

Source: Taxation in Latin America : Structural Trends and Impact of Administration

Volume/Issue: 1999/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1999

ISBN: 9781451843729

Keywords: Latin America, taxation trends, tax administration, tax structure, taxation, personal income tax

From the mid-1980s to early 1990s, Latin American tax policy provided rich lessons for other reforming countries. Meaningful innovations led also to perceptible revenue gains. Later in the 1990s, tax policies began...

4 Economic Policy and Equity: An Overview

4 Economic Policy and Equity: An Overview »

Source: Economic Policy and Equity

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557757883

Keywords: income distribution, transition economies, income inequality, distribution of income, wage

Introduction Not long ago I was shopping at a large supermarket in Boston when I could not help overhearing a conversation between a shopper pushing a big trolley and his child of ab...

Chapter 11. Commodity Price Volatility, Poverty, and Growth Inclusiveness in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Chapter 11. Commodity Price Volatility, Poverty, and Growth Inclusiveness in Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction The comparative advantage of sub-Saharan African countries predominantly lies in the export of commodities, whether they be oil, mineral, or agricultural. Managing devel...

Chapter 1 Demystifying Sovereign Wealth Funds

Chapter 1 Demystifying Sovereign Wealth Funds »

Source: Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds

Series: Books

Author(s): Udaibir Das , Adnan Mazarei , and Han Hoorn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2010

ISBN: 9781589069275

Keywords: investors, bonds, investment strategies, principals, financial markets

Sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) have grown rapidly in recent years in both number and assets, emerging as significant and sometimes controversial players in global capital markets. Before 2000, almost two doze...

Chapter 10. Inequality and Unsustainable Growth: Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Chapter 10. Inequality and Unsustainable Growth: Two Sides of the Same Coin? »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction In the long term, sustained growth is central to poverty reduction. The rapid growth seen in much of the world over the past few decades—notably, but not only, in China...

3 Defining, Measuring, and Predicting Soundness

3 Defining, Measuring, and Predicting Soundness »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

Bank soundness is a concept commonly used to denote, for example, an ability to withstand adverse events. Nevertheless, its usage is typically imprecise and gives rise to questions...

Chapter 18. The Role of Transparency and Civil Society in Managing Commodities for Inclusive Growth and Development

Chapter 18. The Role of Transparency and Civil Society in Managing Commodities for Inclusive Growth and Development »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction In 2008, aid flow to sub-Saharan Africa reached US$36 billion per year. Natural resource rents, by contrast, stood at US$240 billion. Over three-quarters of Africa’s sub...