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Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Weathering the Storm So Far

Weathering the Storm So Far »

Source: Weathering the Storm So Far : The Impact of the 2003-05 Oil Shock on Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2006/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helaway Tadesse , Mark Lewis , Jörg Zeuner , James John , Luzmaria Monasi , and Paolo Dudine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451864311

Keywords: adjustment, fiscal, quasi-fiscal, pass-through, low-income country, IMF financing, oil imports, oil importers, National Deficit Surplus, Energy and the Macroeconomy

This paper examines the impact of the 2003-05 oil price increase on the balance of payments positions and IMF financing needs of low-income country oil importers. It finds that stronger exports reflecting favorable...

Article III

Article III »

Source: Selected Decisions and Selected Documents of the International Monetary Fund, Thirty-Sixth Issue : Thirty-Sixth Issue

Series: Selected Decisions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2012

ISBN: 9781616353889

Keywords: payments, debt, obligations, external debt, balance of payments

Quotas and Subscriptions Adjustment of Quotas The first interval of five years, at the end of which the Fund shall review the quotas of the members in...

Article V, Section 12(f)

Article V, Section 12(f) »

Source: Selected Decisions and Selected Documents of the International Monetary Fund, Thirty-Sixth Issue : Thirty-Sixth Issue

Series: Selected Decisions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2012

ISBN: 9781616353889

Keywords: payments, debt, obligations, external debt, balance of payments

Special Disbursement Account Special Disbursement Account: Investment 1. The Managing Director is authorized to invest a member’s currency held in the...

Article V, Section 2(b)

Article V, Section 2(b) »

Source: Selected Decisions and Selected Documents of the International Monetary Fund, Thirty-Sixth Issue : Thirty-Sixth Issue

Series: Selected Decisions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2012

ISBN: 9781616353889

Keywords: payments, debt, obligations, external debt, balance of payments

Technical and Financial Services Technical Services Enhanced Surveillance: Procedures for Transmittal of Staff Reports...