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External Debt Problem of Sub-Saharan Africa

External Debt Problem of Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Analytical Issues in Debt

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1989

ISBN: 9781557750419

Keywords: debt, interest, creditors, debt relief, payments

MOST OF THE RECENT discussion of external debt problems of developing countries has centered on middle-income countries, particularly those in Latin America. Apart f...

Appendix 5Business and Economic Environment

Appendix 5Business and Economic Environment »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Financial Sector Challenges

Series: Books

Author(s): Catherine Pattillo , Anne Gulde , Kevin Carey , Smita Wagh , and Jakob Christensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2006

ISBN: 9781589065659

Keywords: banking, microfinance, financial services, banking sector

This appendix gives further background on the legal and economic environment in which financial sectors in sub-Saharan Africa operate. Poor legal and instit...

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter summarizes the corrective tax estimates for coal, natural gas, and motor fuels based on the assumptions discussed in previous chapters, both for selected countries and,...

12 Four Aspects of the Uruguay Round for African Economies

12 Four Aspects of the Uruguay Round for African Economies »

Source: Trade Policy Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756213

Keywords: trade liberalization, free trade, uruguay round, trade diversion, trade reforms

This paper addresses aspects of the Uruguay Round of particular concern to Africa. It covers four areas. First is preshipment inspection. This is an aspect of the Round about which...

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter begins with a brief review of the literature on valuing climate change damage from carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The heart of the chapter is about measuring damage fr...

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction Many studies have stressed the fiscal cost and environmental impact of energy subsidies (see, for example, IEA 2011; IMF 2013a; Parry and others 2014; and World Bank 201...

1 The International Legal Environment of Exchange Rates

1 The International Legal Environment of Exchange Rates »

Source: Legal Effects of Fluctuating Exchange Rates

Series: Books

Author(s): Joseph Gold

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781475506921

Keywords: currency, currencies, exchange, exchange rates, exchange rate

Original Articles of IMF and Amendments The Articles of Agreement (Articles) of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the practices of the IMF under that treaty are the principal...

4 The Economics of Civil War in Sub-Saharan Africa

4 The Economics of Civil War in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Postconflict Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa, Lessons from the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Series: Books

Author(s): Jean Clément

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062528

Keywords: civil war, civil wars, military, political instability, real gdp

Section I. Introduction We have always maintained that the conflict in Sierra Leone is not about ideological, tribal or regional differences. It has nothing to do wit...

2 Stabilization, Debt, and Fiscal Policy in the Caribbean

2 Stabilization, Debt, and Fiscal Policy in the Caribbean »

Source: The Caribbean : From Vulnerability to Sustained Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): David Robinson , Paul Cashin , and Ratna Sahay

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2006

ISBN: 9781589065147

Keywords: disasters, debt, disaster, public debt, tourism

This chapter examines the macroeconomic performance of the Caribbean countries since the 1990s, with a special emphasis on their public debt accumulation. Most Caribbean countries have a high le...

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction Large fiscal deficits have been a daunting problem for a number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa over the past several years. Rapid expansions in expenditure and de...