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Petroleum Product Subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies »

Source: Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Volume/Issue: 2010/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Piotrowski , David Coady , Justin Tyson , Rolando Ossowski , Robert Gillingham , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2010

ISBN: 9781455239108

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Oil exporting countries, Oil product prices, Oil subsidies, Price stabilization, Fiscal reforms, Governance, Taxes, Subsidies, Petroleum products

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for settin...

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons

Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform in Sub-Saharan Africa : Experiences and Lessons

Volume: 13

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , and Mumtaz Hussain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2013

ISBN: 9781484366547

Keywords: Cross country analysis, Electric power, Energy sector, Energy taxes, Oil prices, Fiscal reforms, Gasoline prices, Sub-Saharan Africa, Subsidies, electricity

The reform of energy subsidies is an important but challenging issue for sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. There is a relatively large theoretical and empirical literature on this issue. While this paper relies...

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction Large fiscal deficits have been a daunting problem for a number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa over the past several years. Rapid expansions in expenditure and de...

Chapter 18. The Role of Transparency and Civil Society in Managing Commodities for Inclusive Growth and Development

Chapter 18. The Role of Transparency and Civil Society in Managing Commodities for Inclusive Growth and Development »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction In 2008, aid flow to sub-Saharan Africa reached US$36 billion per year. Natural resource rents, by contrast, stood at US$240 billion. Over three-quarters of Africa’s sub...

Chapter 2. The Natural Resource Curse: A Survey of Diagnoses and Some Prescriptions

Chapter 2. The Natural Resource Curse: A Survey of Diagnoses and Some Prescriptions »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Oil, minerals, and agricultural resources can bring great riches to those who possess them. Yet countries that are abundantly endowed with such natural resources often encounter pitfalls that interfere with...

3 Scaling Up Aid: Opportunities and Challenges in a Changing Aid Architecture

3 Scaling Up Aid: Opportunities and Challenges in a Changing Aid Architecture »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2008 : MDGs and the Environment: Agenda for Inclusive and Sustainable Development

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2008

ISBN: 9780821373842

Keywords: environment, climate change, environmental sustainability, health care, malnutrition

The global aid landscape is undergoing profound changes in the way aid is financed and delivered. The new aid architecture is marked by the emergence of global funds and nontraditional bilateral donors; a gr...

4 Analytical Aspects of the Debt in Problems of Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

4 Analytical Aspects of the Debt in Problems of Heavily Indebted Poor Countries »

Source: External Finance for Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451957198

Keywords: debt, external debt, creditors, debt relief, debt overhang

After a difficult period following the onset of the debt crisis in 1982, the debt situation of most middle-income debtor countries has improved substantially. However, a group of low-income countries, most o...

8 Quality and Composition of Public Spending in Africa: Suggestions for Increased Effectiveness

8 Quality and Composition of Public Spending in Africa: Suggestions for Increased Effectiveness »

Source: Africa : Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 1999

ISBN: 9781557758293

Keywords: banking, expenditure, trade liberalization, civil service, banking system

Africa lags behind the rest of the world in human development. Recent data show that the infant mortality rate is 91 per 1,000 live births. The total primary school enrollment rate is 75 percent, with the fi...

6 Ensuring Environmental Sustainability at the National Level

6 Ensuring Environmental Sustainability at the National Level »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2008 : MDGs and the Environment: Agenda for Inclusive and Sustainable Development

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2008

ISBN: 9780821373842

Keywords: environment, climate change, environmental sustainability, health care, malnutrition

Achieving environmental sustainability underpins progress on many of the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs). If forests are lost, soils degraded, fisheries depleted, waters polluted...

12 Private Capital Flows to Sub-Saharan Africa: An Overview of Trends and Determinants

12 Private Capital Flows to Sub-Saharan Africa: An Overview of Trends and Determinants »

Source: External Finance for Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 September 1997

ISBN: 9781451957198

Keywords: debt, external debt, creditors, debt relief, debt overhang

The surge in private capital flows to developing countries during the 1990s has largely bypassed sub-Saharan Africa. In sharp contrast to the earlier lending boom of 1977–82, when s...