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From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries »

Source: FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451972849

Keywords: Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Transition economies, Investment climate, FDI, Regional issues, investment, capital flows, direct investment,

In view of disappointing levels of inward foreign direct investment (FDI), this paper examines capital flows into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and investigates the main impediments to a mo...

Chapter 3. Determinants of Growth in Cambodia and Other Low-Income Countries in Asia: Evidence from Country Panel Data

Chapter 3. Determinants of Growth in Cambodia and Other Low-Income Countries in Asia: Evidence from Country Panel Data »

Source: Cambodia : Rebuilding for a Challenging Future

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sumio Ishikawa , Sibel Beadle , Damien Eastman , Srobona Mitra , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , Wafa Abdelati , Koji Nakamura , Il Lee , Sònia Muñoz , Robert Hagemann , David Coe , and Nadia Rendak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064447

Keywords: Development, court, law, exchange rate, dollarization, judicial reform

This chapter explores the determinants of long-term sustainable growth in Cambodia from a cross-country analysis of the sources of growth. Section A describes Cambodia’s recent economic growth performance an...

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84 »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Selection of the Sample The Fund approved 117 stand-by programs and 23 extended facilities from January 1980 to December 1984, for 68 countries. Twenty-two countries had programs in...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: Africa on the Move : Unlocking the Potential of Small Middle-Income States

Series: Books

Author(s): Lamin Leigh , and Ali Mansoor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513588605

Keywords: Economic growth, Infrastructure, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Economic development, Poverty eradication, environment, employment, bank, unemployment, labor

Background Sub-Saharan Africa has experienced strong growth since 1992, prompting many observers to argue that the region has reached a turning point in its development history and i...

Chapter 10. Inequality and Unsustainable Growth: Two Sides of the Same Coin?

Chapter 10. Inequality and Unsustainable Growth: Two Sides of the Same Coin? »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Introduction In the long term, sustained growth is central to poverty reduction. The rapid growth seen in much of the world over the past few decades—notably, but not only, in China...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper seeks to identify policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging countries in the wake of the global financial crisis. Issues related to the size and timing of f...

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

Expenditure Reform: Key Principles Expenditure reforms should be guided by two objectives: Improving the efficien...

CHAPTER 14 Long-Term Fiscal Developments and IMF Conditionality: Is There a Link?

CHAPTER 14 Long-Term Fiscal Developments and IMF Conditionality: Is There a Link? »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs : Recent Staff Research

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Alessandro Rebucci , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589063617

Keywords: International Monetary Fund, current account, capital flows, private capital, private capital flows, conditionality

Introduction What determines the composition of fiscal adjustment, and does it differ between countries with IMF-supported programs and those without such arrangements? Moreover, how...

III Recent Pressures for Protection

III Recent Pressures for Protection »

Source: Trade Policy Developments in Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Wanda Tseng , Lorenzo Pérez , Zubair Iqbal , and Shailendra Anjaria

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1981

ISBN: 9781557750822

Keywords: international trade, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, bilateral agreements, quantitative restrictions

Overview This section reviews recent trade actions and other commercial policy developments in selected industrial sectors of the main trading nations. Although not intended to be a...