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How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution

How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution »

Source: How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution : The Cross-Country Evidence

Volume/Issue: 1997/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Sarel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

ISBN: 9781451922714

Keywords: income distribution, macroeconomic factors, terms of trade, external position, income distribution data, distribution of income

This study develops a cross-section empirical framework to examine the relationship between the macroeconomic environment and trends in income distribution. The macroeconomic variables that are found to be associat...

2 Fiscal Policy and Mobilization of Savings for Growth

2 Fiscal Policy and Mobilization of Savings for Growth »

Source: Fiscal Policy, Stabilization, and Growth in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750341

Keywords: inflation, trade taxes, fiscal policy, fiscal deficit, tax revenue

Mario I. Blejer and Adrienne Cheasty* I. Introduction The mobilization of domestic financial resources may be analyzed on...

11 Fiscal Dimensions of Trade Policy

11 Fiscal Dimensions of Trade Policy »

Source: Fiscal Policy, Stabilization, and Growth in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750341

Keywords: inflation, trade taxes, fiscal policy, fiscal deficit, tax revenue

Ziba Farhadian-Lorie and Menachem Katz I. Introduction The recent pattern of trade liberalization in developing countries and the renew...

10 Government Spending, the Real Interest Rate, and Liquidity-Constrained Consumers’ Behavior in Developing Countries

10 Government Spending, the Real Interest Rate, and Liquidity-Constrained Consumers’ Behavior in Developing Countries »

Source: Fiscal Policy, Stabilization, and Growth in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750341

Keywords: inflation, trade taxes, fiscal policy, fiscal deficit, tax revenue

Nicola Rossi* I. Introduction The importance of the mobilization of domestic savings in developing countries can hardly be...

9 Lags in Tax Collection and the Case for Inflationary Finance: Theory with Simulations

9 Lags in Tax Collection and the Case for Inflationary Finance: Theory with Simulations »

Source: Fiscal Policy, Stabilization, and Growth in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750341

Keywords: inflation, trade taxes, fiscal policy, fiscal deficit, tax revenue

Vito Tanzi* I. Introduction It has often been argued that many developing countries, in their pursuit of growth through ca...

II Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring

II Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring »

Source: Private Market Financing for Developing Countries

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755261

Keywords: debt, interest, bonds, bond, payments

Considerable additional progress was made in 1994 and the first half of 1995 in resolving the commercial bank debt problems of developing countries (see the Statistical Appendix, Tables A2 and A3). Debt- and...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: Private Market Financing for Developing Countries

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755261

Keywords: debt, interest, bonds, bond, payments

Table A1. Chronology of Bank Debt Restructurings and Bank Financial Packages...

I Overview and Current Issues

I Overview and Current Issues »

Source: Private Market Financing for Developing Countries

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755261

Keywords: debt, interest, bonds, bond, payments

Over the course of 1994 and the first half of 1995, several countries concluded debt deals with their commercial bank creditors, and a few others announced agreements in principle. 1...

IV Institutional and Regulatory Framework for Developing Country Finance

IV Institutional and Regulatory Framework for Developing Country Finance »

Source: Private Market Financing for Developing Countries

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755261

Keywords: debt, interest, bonds, bond, payments

An open foreign exchange regime and appropriate macroeconomic policies atone are not sufficient conditions for developing countries to be able to sustain private capital inflows. Efforts by developing countr...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...