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Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction Many studies have stressed the fiscal cost and environmental impact of energy subsidies (see, for example, IEA 2011; IMF 2013a; Parry and others 2014; and World Bank 201...

Essays on Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth

Essays on Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth »

Source: Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

Josette Sheeran We all remember 2008, when global food and fuel prices went through the roof, when we saw food riots in 35 countries, and when more than 115 million were added to the...

Chapter 3. Long-Term Implications of Fiscal Policy for Labor Market Outcomes

Chapter 3. Long-Term Implications of Fiscal Policy for Labor Market Outcomes »

Source: Africa on the Move : Unlocking the Potential of Small Middle-Income States

Series: Books

Author(s): Lamin Leigh , and Ali Mansoor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513588605

Keywords: Economic growth, Infrastructure, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Economic development, Poverty eradication, environment, employment, bank, unemployment, labor

Policymakers sometimes view the expansion of public employment as a useful tool for reducing high unemployment. This is probably one of the reasons public employment accounts for an important share of total...

Chapter 4. Increasing Productivity Growth in Small Middle-Income Countries

Chapter 4. Increasing Productivity Growth in Small Middle-Income Countries »

Source: Africa on the Move : Unlocking the Potential of Small Middle-Income States

Series: Books

Author(s): Lamin Leigh , and Ali Mansoor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513588605

Keywords: Economic growth, Infrastructure, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Economic development, Poverty eradication, environment, employment, bank, unemployment, labor

As indicated in Chapter 1, prudent macroeconomic management and improved institutional settings in many of the small middle-income countries (SMICs) in sub-Saharan Africa resulted in impressive economic perf...