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Bond Restructuring and Moral Hazard

Bond Restructuring and Moral Hazard »

Source: Bond Restructuring and Moral Hazard : Are Collective Action Clauses Costly?

Volume/Issue: 2001/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torbjorn Becker , Anthony Richards , and Yunyong Thaicharoen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451851595

Keywords: Bond restructuring, contract design, law, bonds, bond, bondholders, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Many official groups have endorsed the wider use by emerging market borrowers of contract clauses which allow for a qualified majority of bondholders to restructure repayment terms in the event of financial distres...

How to Deal with Azerbaijan's Oil Boom? Policy Strategies in a Resource-Rich Transition Economy

How to Deal with Azerbaijan's Oil Boom? Policy Strategies in a Resource-Rich Transition Economy »

Source: How to Deal with Azerbaijan's Oil Boom? Policy Strategies in a Resource-Rich Transition Economy

Volume/Issue: 1998/6

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christoph Rosenberg , and Tapio Saavalainen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1998

ISBN: 9781451929164

Keywords: Dutch disease, transition, oil, oil revenues, transition countries, oil sector, transition economies, transition economy

The petroleum-rich former Soviet republics around the Caspian Sea face the dual challenge of managing the transition to a market economy and a booming resource sector. This paper examines this challenge with partic...

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

Fiscal Adjustment in Sudan Size, Speed, and Composition

Fiscal Adjustment in Sudan Size, Speed, and Composition »

Source: Fiscal Adjustment in Sudan Size, Speed, and Composition

Volume/Issue: 2010/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. M. Ali Abbas , Kenji Moriyama , and Abdul Naseer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982220

Keywords: intertemporal budget constraint, oil revenue, tax rates, fiscal adjustment, oil producing,

The paper aims to identify the optimal size, speed and composition of the medium-term fiscal adjustment in the context of Sudan's limited oil reserves. The permanently sustainable non-oil primary balance approach s...

Trends and Future Directions in Tax Policy Reform

Trends and Future Directions in Tax Policy Reform »

Source: Trends and Future Directions in Tax Policy Reform : A Latin American Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1992/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1992

ISBN: 9781451846263

Keywords: tax reform, taxation, corporate income tax, tax structure

Tax reform in Latin America during the 1980s emphasized broad-based, low-rate consumption taxes over steeply progressive income and property taxes, primarily to simplify the tax structure and facilitate tax adminis...

Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries

Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries »

Source: Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries : Earmarked Revenue Versus Tax Autonomy

Volume/Issue: 2008/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giorgio Brosio , and Ehtisham Ahmad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869330

Keywords: taxation, property tax, tax administration, tax collections

A weakness of decentralization and overall tax reforms in Latin America is the lack of attention to adequate taxation at the subnational government. A reliance on shared taxes with extensive earmarking leads to wea...

Managing Systemic Liquidity Risk in Financially Dollarized Economies

Managing Systemic Liquidity Risk in Financially Dollarized Economies »

Source: Managing Systemic Liquidity Risk in Financially Dollarized Economies

Volume/Issue: 2005/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Levy Yeyati , Alain Ize , and Miguel Kiguel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451862072

Keywords: Systemic Liquidity, central bank, banking, banking system, liquid reserves, bank runs,

This paper evaluates ways to protect highly dollarized banking systems from systemic liquidity runs (such as the ones that took place recently in Argentina, Uruguay, and Paraguay). In view of the limitations of ava...

A Statistical Analysis of Banking Performance in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union in the 1990s

A Statistical Analysis of Banking Performance in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union in the 1990s »

Source: A Statistical Analysis of Banking Performance in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union in the 1990s

Volume/Issue: 2001/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): V. Juan-Ramon , Ruby Randall , and Oral Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451852820

Keywords: Bank Structure, Competition, Performance, banking, bank size, foreign banks, banking system, foreign bank

Private foreign banks dominate the banking system although their market share declined in the 1990s while that of private indigenous banks increased. The banking system was not concentrated either within or across...

The Great Rebalancing Act

The Great Rebalancing Act »

Source: The Great Rebalancing Act : Can Investment Be a Lever in Asia?

Volume/Issue: 2011/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217915

Keywords: Rebalancing, financing constraints, private investment, capital goods, investment spending, investment rate, venture capital, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East,

Ensuring stable growth in the postcrisis world economy will require a rebalancing of economic activity in several countries. In Asia's export-dependent economies, this entails relying more on private domestic deman...

The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism

The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism »

Source: The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism

Volume/Issue: 2003/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , and Alvin Hilaire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451874624

Keywords: integration, regionalism, global trade analysis, trade diversion, global trade, trade agreement, trade arrangements,

Current U.S. trade policy stresses establishing free trade areas (FTAs) with partners spanning the globe. Motivations include enhancing goods and services trade; stimulating investment flows; extending standards on...