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Ukraine's Gas Arrears

Ukraine's Gas Arrears »

Source: Ukraine's Gas Arrears : Issues and Recommendations

Volume/Issue: 1996/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Amer Bisat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1996

ISBN: 9781451974010

Keywords: gas, gas import, local distribution, gas distribution, gas sector

This paper discusses issues related to the gas arrears ‘crisis’ in Ukraine. It concludes that the problem, which can be traced to policy distortions, can be contained through an acceleration of struct...

The Revenue Decline in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union

The Revenue Decline in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451952681

Keywords: gas, oil and gas, gas projects, oil and gas sector, gas sector

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Background Paper and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1995/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1995

ISBN: 9781451837209

Keywords: gas, wage, minimum wage, wages

This Background Paper and Statistical Appendix for Turkmenistan examines the developments since November 1993, when the manat was introduced as the national currency. Developments in the real sector and systemic re...

From West to East

From West to East »

Source: From West to East : Estimating External Spillovers to Australia and New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2011/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yan Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

ISBN: 9781455262434

Keywords: business cyles, sample period, small sample, statistically significant, interest rates, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

This paper examines the size and source of external spillovers to Australia and New Zealand based on a structural vector autoregression (VAR) approach. It finds that during the last decade shocks from emerging Asia...

Ukraine

Ukraine »

Source: Ukraine : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/21

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 March 1996

ISBN: 9781451838916

Keywords: gas, wages, wage, benefits, payroll

This paper reviews economic developments in Ukraine during 1991-95. In October 1994, Ukraine finally embarked upon a comprehensive program of economic reform and stabilization. Although the efforts made in late 199...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451837216

Keywords: gas, minimum wage, interest rates, benefits, pollution

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1992-96. There was a general strengthening of centralized controls during 1993-95 to protect international reserves. Monetary and exchange rate polici...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451837230

Keywords: gas, foreign exchange, banking, banking system, interest rates

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1994-98. Turkmenistan reduced gas exports and suffered a decline in real GDP of close to 40 percent during 1993-95. At the same time, it stepped up fo...

Tax Policy and the Environment

Tax Policy and the Environment »

Source: Tax Policy and the Environment : Theory and Practice

Volume/Issue: 1994/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Nellor , and Ronald McMorran

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

ISBN: 9781451947083

Keywords: environment, pollution, environmental damage, gas, coal

This paper provides a framework for examining environment taxes. It reviews the theoretical efficiency of three types of environment taxes: taxes on emissions or Pigouvian taxes; taxes on productive inputs or consu...

2011 Spillover Report—Selected Issues

2011 Spillover Report—Selected Issues »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Spillover Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2011/185

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2011

ISBN: 9781462339549

Keywords: spillovers, bond, financial markets, financial market, financial sector, Euro Area Policies:,

The euro area (EA) plays a major role in the global economy. Market perceptions of events in the EA program countries illustrate the possibility of large spillovers from the area in times of stress. The prospect of...

Ukraine's Gas Arrears
			: Issues and Recommendations

Ukraine's Gas Arrears : Issues and Recommendations »

Volume/Issue: 1996/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Amer Bisat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974010.003

ISBN: 9781451974010

Keywords: gas, gas import, local distribution, gas distribution, gas sector

This paper discusses issues related to the gas arrears ‘crisis’ in Ukraine. It concludes that the problem, which can be traced to policy distortions, can be contained through an acceleration of struct...