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20 Ethiopia

20 Ethiopia »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

The process of fiscal decentralization in Ethiopia began in 1992. Proclamations were issued during 1992–93 to establish federal and regional self-governments and to define both the revenue-sharing arrangemen...

10 Government Spending, the Real Interest Rate, and Liquidity-Constrained Consumers’ Behavior in Developing Countries

10 Government Spending, the Real Interest Rate, and Liquidity-Constrained Consumers’ Behavior in Developing Countries »

Source: Fiscal Policy, Stabilization, and Growth in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750341

Keywords: inflation, trade taxes, fiscal policy, fiscal deficit, tax revenue

Nicola Rossi* I. Introduction The importance of the mobilization of domestic savings in developing countries can hardly be...

5 Structural Adjustment: A Multifaceted Phenomenon

5 Structural Adjustment: A Multifaceted Phenomenon »

Source: Public Expenditure Management

Series: Books

Author(s): A. Premchand

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

ISBN: 9781557753236

Keywords: expenditure, expenditure management, expenditures, ministry of finance, public expenditure

These macroeconomic prescriptions may seem straight forward, but putting them into practice rarely is. WORLD BANK, World Development Report, 1991...

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction Large fiscal deficits have been a daunting problem for a number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa over the past several years. Rapid expansions in expenditure and de...

7 Control of Subnational Government Borrowing

7 Control of Subnational Government Borrowing »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

In the last two decades, public sector debt has shown a rising trend in relation to GDP in a wide range of countries, both federal and unitary. These increases have reflected high levels of real interest rat...

24 Effectiveness and Implications of Limits on Central Bank Credit to the Government

24 Effectiveness and Implications of Limits on Central Bank Credit to the Government »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

The main purpose of this paper is to explore the role and consequences of limiting central bank lending to the government. In the first section, the legal provisions that were in fo...

4 Economic Policy and Equity: An Overview

4 Economic Policy and Equity: An Overview »

Source: Economic Policy and Equity

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557757883

Keywords: income distribution, transition economies, income inequality, distribution of income, wage

Introduction Not long ago I was shopping at a large supermarket in Boston when I could not help overhearing a conversation between a shopper pushing a big trolley and his child of ab...

Chapter III.4 The Exchange and Trade Systems

Chapter III.4 The Exchange and Trade Systems »

Source: A Study of the Soviet Economy. 3-volume set : 3-Volume Set

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1991

ISBN: 9789264134683

Keywords: prices, payments, credit, interest, wage

1. INTRODUCTION AND OUTLOOK 1 The exchange and trade system has continued to be largely shaped by central planning. Most trade and capi...

12 Corruption and Military Spending

12 Corruption and Military Spending »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

1. Introduction In recent years, increasing attention has been devoted to understanding the reasons for, and economic consequences of, corruption. The existing literature can be divi...

13 Fiscal Decentralization and Governance: A Cross-Country Analysis

13 Fiscal Decentralization and Governance: A Cross-Country Analysis »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction Strengthening governance—the institutions by which a country exercises authority and manages its public resources—has been a key objective of most economic reform pro...