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20 Ethiopia

20 Ethiopia »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

The process of fiscal decentralization in Ethiopia began in 1992. Proclamations were issued during 1992–93 to establish federal and regional self-governments and to define both the revenue-sharing arrangemen...

A Primeron Mineral Taxation

A Primeron Mineral Taxation »

Source: A Primeron Mineral Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2001/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Baunsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856040

Keywords: mineral tax, mining and petroleum, mineral extraction, rate of return, tax system, fiscal stability, tax rate,

The paper discusses options available to tax mineral extraction projects particularly in developing countries. A desirable government share of the economic rent generated from mineral extraction can be achieved thr...

Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening

Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening »

Source: Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening

Volume/Issue: 2007/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pablo Druck , Alexander Plekhanov , and Mario Dehesa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451867039

Keywords: Private credit, creditor rights, volatility, relative price, relative price variability, high inflation, price stability,

The paper provides a theoretical and cross-country empirical analysis of the determinants of financial deepening, and finds that higher credit-to-GDP ratios are associated with stronger creditor rights and lower in...

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption

14 Tax Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa: Effects of Economic Policies and Corruption »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

I. Introduction Large fiscal deficits have been a daunting problem for a number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa over the past several years. Rapid expansions in expenditure and de...

7 Control of Subnational Government Borrowing

7 Control of Subnational Government Borrowing »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

In the last two decades, public sector debt has shown a rising trend in relation to GDP in a wide range of countries, both federal and unitary. These increases have reflected high levels of real interest rat...

CHAPTER 11 International Bailouts, Moral Hazard, and Conditionality

CHAPTER 11 International Bailouts, Moral Hazard, and Conditionality »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs : Recent Staff Research

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Alessandro Rebucci , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589063617

Keywords: International Monetary Fund, current account, capital flows, private capital, private capital flows, conditionality

Introduction The 1990s have seen international official crisis lending of unprecedented size (Table 1). Advocates justified these bailouts as a form of international financial safety...

CHAPTER II CURRENT ISSUES IN THE WORLD ECONOMY

CHAPTER II CURRENT ISSUES IN THE WORLD ECONOMY »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2000 : Focus on Transition Economies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759757

Keywords: debt, interest, transition economies, payments, accession countries

This chapter discusses in further detail some of the key issues facing the world economy (see Chapter I). Much of the chapter focuses on the nexus of increased productivity in the United States and some othe...

CHAPTER 2 IMF Programs and Growth: Is Optimism Defensible?

CHAPTER 2 IMF Programs and Growth: Is Optimism Defensible? »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs : Recent Staff Research

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Alessandro Rebucci , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589063617

Keywords: International Monetary Fund, current account, capital flows, private capital, private capital flows, conditionality

Introduction IMF-supported programs are often described by those on the left as creating hardships on the population because they are said to be “too tight” (Stiglitz, 2002). Those o...

CHAPTER 5 Fiscal Policy, Expenditure Composition, and Growth in Low-Income Countries

CHAPTER 5 Fiscal Policy, Expenditure Composition, and Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs : Recent Staff Research

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Alessandro Rebucci , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589063617

Keywords: International Monetary Fund, current account, capital flows, private capital, private capital flows, conditionality

Introduction A large body of empirical research supports the notion that healthy budgetary balances are, over the long run, good for growth (Easterly, Rodriguez, and Schmidt-Hebbel,...

II The World Economy in 1994–95

II The World Economy in 1994–95 »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 1994

ISBN: 9781557753854

Keywords: capital inflows, inflation, commodity prices, monetary policy, capital flows

With expansions in North America now well under way, and with clearer signs of recovery across Europe and in Japan, global output is projected to expand by 3 percent this year and by 3½ percent in 1995, clos...