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20 Ethiopia

20 Ethiopia »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

The process of fiscal decentralization in Ethiopia began in 1992. Proclamations were issued during 1992–93 to establish federal and regional self-governments and to define both the revenue-sharing arrangemen...

Enlargement of Fund Resources Through Increases in Quotas

Enlargement of Fund Resources Through Increases in Quotas »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

At the Annual Meetings in 1958 the subject discussed in the preceding document was extensively canvassed by Governors. On the motion of the Governor for the United States, a resolution was passe...

Compensatory Financing: First Report

Compensatory Financing: First Report »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

In March 1959 the UN Commission on International Commodity Trade agreed to consider at its next session, in May 1960, international measures designed to compensate for fluctuations in export rec...

7 Government-Donor Partnerships: Mozambique as a Model of Donor Coordination

7 Government-Donor Partnerships: Mozambique as a Model of Donor Coordination »

Source: Post-Stabilization Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa : Lessons from Mozambique

Series: Books

Author(s): Shanaka Peiris , and Jean Clément

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781589066779

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, monetary policy, budget support, real exchange rate

Mozambique’s model of donor coordination has considerably improved aid effectiveness, holding lessons for sub-Saharan Africa. In 2006, the Mozambican government formulated its second poverty reduction strate...

Increases in Quotas: Fourth Quinquennial Review

Increases in Quotas: Fourth Quinquennial Review »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

The Fund is required at intervals of five years to review the quotas of members and to propose any adjustments that it believes to be desirable. No changes were proposed in the course of the fir...

External Debt Problem of Sub-Saharan Africa

External Debt Problem of Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Analytical Issues in Debt

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1989

ISBN: 9781557750419

Keywords: debt, interest, creditors, debt relief, payments

MOST OF THE RECENT discussion of external debt problems of developing countries has centered on middle-income countries, particularly those in Latin America. Apart f...

6 Macroeconomic Management of Scaled-up Foreign Aid

6 Macroeconomic Management of Scaled-up Foreign Aid »

Source: Post-Stabilization Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa : Lessons from Mozambique

Series: Books

Author(s): Shanaka Peiris , and Jean Clément

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781589066779

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, monetary policy, budget support, real exchange rate

The Commission for Africa (2005) and the United Nations (UN) Millennium Project have identified a need for donors to scale up aid flows to well-governed low-income countries, including Mozambique, to enable...

Articles of Agreement

Articles of Agreement »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

The Final Act of the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference held at Bretton Woods from July 1 to July 22, 1944 included, inter alia, the Articles of Agreement of the International Mone...

International Reserves and Liquidity

International Reserves and Liquidity »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

In May 1957 South Africa requested that the staff should undertake a study of “the factors affecting the present state of international liquidity, including the world supply of monetary gold.” R...

11 Are Export Duties Optimal in Developing Countries? Some Supply-Side Considerations

11 Are Export Duties Optimal in Developing Countries? Some Supply-Side Considerations »

Source: Supply-Side Tax Policy : Its Relevance to Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , Liam Ebrill , Parthasarathi Shome , Luis Manas Anton , Jitendra Modi , Fernando Sanchez-Ugarte , and George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1987

ISBN: 9780939934911

Keywords: tax evasion, tax incentives, taxation, tax rates, tax system

Export duties play an important role in the revenue structures of developing countries. For these countries, export duties are a useful tool for raising revenue, since compared with their enormous financing...