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Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: Vietnam : Transition to a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Erich Spitäller , M. Braulke , Christian Mulder , Hisanobu Shishido , Kenneth M. Miranda , John Dodsworth , and Keon Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1996

ISBN: 9781557755384

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange, state enterprises, exchange rates

Table A1. Ranking of Low-Income Countries According to Share of Industry in GDP, 1987,1...

VI Economic Performance from 1990 to 1999

VI Economic Performance from 1990 to 1999 »

Source: Yemen in the 1990s : From Unification to Economic Reform

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Nada Choueiri , Klaus-Stefan Enders , Yuri Sobolev , Jan Walliser , and Sherwyn Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2002

ISBN: 9781589060425

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, crude oil, oil prices, petroleum products

The performance of Yemen’s economy in the 1990s shows clearly the impact of the exogenous shocks it suffered during the period, but it also, in the latter half of the decade, bears witness to th...

II Eastern and Southern Africa: Broad Characteristics of the Region

II Eastern and Southern Africa: Broad Characteristics of the Region »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

The 22 eastern and southern African countries covered in this study vary considerably in population, size, and economic profile (Table 2.1). Population size varies from fewer than 80,000 people...

III Trade Liberalization by ESA Countries During the 1990s

III Trade Liberalization by ESA Countries During the 1990s »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Unilateral Liberalization in Goods In the early 1990s, reflecting the inward-looking development policies adopted in previous decades, the trade and exchange regimes of most countrie...

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84 »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Selection of the Sample The Fund approved 117 stand-by programs and 23 extended facilities from January 1980 to December 1984, for 68 countries. Twenty-two countries had programs in...

V The External Environment and Trade Developments

V The External Environment and Trade Developments »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

External Environment ESA countries faced changes in their external environment in the 1990s, caused by the increasing trend toward globalization and worldwide trade liberalization, m...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Since the early 1990s, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have made significant progress in opening their economies to external competition through trade and exchange liberalization, often in...

IV Regional Integration

IV Regional Integration »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Preferential Liberalization in Goods During the 1990s, in addition to the Cross-Border Initiative, countries in eastern and southern Africa embarked on a number of bilateral and regi...

VI Macroeconomic Aspects of Trade Liberalization

VI Macroeconomic Aspects of Trade Liberalization »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

This section deals with two questions: whether initial macroeconomic conditions influenced the extent of trade liberalization during the 1990s, and whether trade liberalization was associated in...

VII Trade Policy Issues Ahead

VII Trade Policy Issues Ahead »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

In coming years, ESA countries will be affected by the ongoing trend of trade liberalization at the regional level (Table 7.1). The EU-South Africa free trade agreement (EU-SA FTA) will also hav...