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Indirect Taxes on International Aviation

Indirect Taxes on International Aviation »

Source: Indirect Taxes on International Aviation

Volume/Issue: 2006/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863840

Keywords: aviation taxes, aviation fuel, fuel tax, airlines, airline, air transport, Air Transportation,

This paper examines the case for internationally coordinated indirect taxes on aviation (as a source of general revenue-not (necessarily) as a source of development finance). The case for such taxes is strong: the...

Three Cycles

Three Cycles »

Source: Three Cycles : Housing, Credit, and Real Activity

Volume/Issue: 2009/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , Alain Kabundi , Deniz Igan , Francisco Nadal De Simone , and Marcelo Pinheiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

ISBN: 9781451873788

Keywords: Macro-financial linkages, house prices, business cycle, lead, spillovers,

We examine the characteristics and comovement of cycles in house prices, credit, real activity and interest rates in advanced economies during the past 25 years, using a dynamic generalized factor model. House pric...

Norway

Norway »

Source: Norway : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1995/26

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1995

ISBN: 9781451829617

Keywords: exchange rate, petroleum sector, oil and gas, gas production, foreign exchange

This paper reviews economic developments in Norway during the 1990s, with an emphasis on developments in 1993 and 1994. The paper covers developments in the real economy, in the public finances, and in the monetary...

Is One Watchdog Better Than Three? International Experience with Integrated Financial Sector Supervision

Is One Watchdog Better Than Three? International Experience with Integrated Financial Sector Supervision »

Source: Is One Watchdog Better Than Three? International Experience with Integrated Financial Sector Supervision

Volume/Issue: 2006/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Cihak , and Richard Podpiera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863178

Keywords: financial services regulation, prudential supervision, supervisory agencies, integrated supervision, banking, banking supervision, regulatory environment, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Regulation and Business Law: General

Over the past two decades, there has been a clear trend toward integrating the regulation and supervision of banks, nonbank financial institutions, and securities markets. This paper reviews the international exper...

3 How Macroeconomic Policies Affect the Environment: What Do We Know?

3 How Macroeconomic Policies Affect the Environment: What Do We Know? »

Source: Macroeconomics and the Environment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755360

Keywords: environment, environmental policies, environmental degradation, natural resources, national accounts

The International Monetary Fund is a monetary institution charged with the responsibility of promoting international financial and exchange stability through the adoption of sound m...

Appendix 2: Outreach Activities

Appendix 2: Outreach Activities »

Source: IEO Annual Report 2012

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616354114

Keywords: evaluation committee, research activities, evaluation systems, research evaluation, research agenda

May 2010, Cartagena, Colombia IEO Director’s presentation on the evaluation of IMF Performance in the Run-Up to the Financial and Economic C...

Controlling Pollution

Controlling Pollution »

Source: Controlling Pollution : Using Taxes and Tradable Permits

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): John Norregaard , and Valerie Reppelin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2001

ISBN: 9781589060005

Keywords: tradable permits, pollution, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide emissions, pollutant

In December 1997, 160 nations meeting in Kyoto, Japan agreed to cut back emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. While ratified by only a very small number of countries so far, the “Kyoto Pro...

CHAPTER 2 Natural Resource Endowment: A Mixed Blessing?

CHAPTER 2 Natural Resource Endowment: A Mixed Blessing? »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION Economic geography is no longer what it used to be. For a long time, economic geographers studied raw materials and their distribution around the world and assigned cruc...

CHAPTER 6 The Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds: Lessons from Norway

CHAPTER 6 The Economics of Sovereign Wealth Funds: Lessons from Norway »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION While most studies of sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) focus on their wealth management functions, particularly their investment strategies, it is essential to start with t...

13 International tax issues for the resources sector

13 International tax issues for the resources sector »

Source: The Taxation of Petroleum and Minerals : Principles, Problems and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2010

ISBN: 9780415781381

Keywords: taxation, tax administration, gas, fiscal stability, tax system

1 Introduction As a result of the globalization of economic activity, international tax issues have become an increasingly important consideration not only for foreign investors, but...