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Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Background Paper and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1995/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1995

ISBN: 9781451837209

Keywords: gas, wage, minimum wage, wages

This Background Paper and Statistical Appendix for Turkmenistan examines the developments since November 1993, when the manat was introduced as the national currency. Developments in the real sector and systemic re...

Azerbaijan Republic: Selected Issues

Azerbaijan Republic: Selected Issues »

Source: Azerbaijan Republic : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2005/17

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451802665

Keywords: natural gas, oil products, oil prices, petroleum products, gas prices

This Selected Issues paper on Azerbaijan Republic reports that the government has made substantial progress in dealing with energy-related subsidies. The domestic market for oil products has been tightly regulated...

Georgia

Georgia »

Source: Georgia : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper Progress Report

Volume/Issue: 2006/360

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451814620

Keywords: law, customs, customs tariffs, customs code, water supply

This report is based on the progress of the Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Program (EDPRP) in Georgia. It highlights the status of measures intended for rapid and sustainable economic development in the...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2003/211

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451820904

Keywords: crude oil, oil and gas, natural gas, petroleum sector, million barrels

This Selected Issues paper reviews the developments, issues, and prospects of the petroleum sector of Kazakhstan, and analyzes the recent strong economic growth, the links between the oil and the non-oil sector, an...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451837216

Keywords: gas, minimum wage, interest rates, benefits, pollution

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1992-96. There was a general strengthening of centralized controls during 1993-95 to protect international reserves. Monetary and exchange rate polici...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451837230

Keywords: gas, foreign exchange, banking, banking system, interest rates

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1994-98. Turkmenistan reduced gas exports and suffered a decline in real GDP of close to 40 percent during 1993-95. At the same time, it stepped up fo...

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Republic of Kazakhstan: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 2002/64

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451820850

Keywords: petroleum exports, petroleum production, pipeline system, petroleum sector, pipeline capacity, Fiscal Affairs, Fiscal Affairs, Fiscal Affairs, Fiscal Affairs,

This Selected Issues paper presents a brief overview of developments and prospects for the petroleum sector of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The paper conducts a comprehensive assessment of fiscal vulnerability, fisc...

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries »

Source: FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451972849

Keywords: Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Transition economies, Investment climate, FDI, Regional issues, investment, capital flows, direct investment,

In view of disappointing levels of inward foreign direct investment (FDI), this paper examines capital flows into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and investigates the main impediments to a mo...

Economic Diversification in the GCC

Economic Diversification in the GCC »

Source: Economic Diversification in the GCC : Past, Present, and Future

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tim Callen , Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , Amgad Hegazy , and Padamja Khandelwal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498303231

Keywords: Export diversification, Exports, Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Oil revenues, Oman, Private sector, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The economies of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are heavily reliant on oil. Greater economic diversification would reduce their exposure to volatility and uncertainty in the global oil m...

III Macroeconomic Environment and Factors Underlying Growth and Investment

III Macroeconomic Environment and Factors Underlying Growth and Investment »

Source: Jordan : Strategy for Adjustment and Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ahsan Mansur , and Edouard Maciejewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755582

Keywords: debt, interest, central bank, public debt, external debt

This section provides background information on how Jordan’s adjustment and reform programs and the resulting improved macroeconomic policy environment have influenced investment and growth in recent years....